From Sanctions Wiki
On September 13, 2010, U.S. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis, the Labor Ministers of Ghana and the Ivory Coast and Lawrence Graham, President of the National Confectioners Association signed a Declaration of Joint Action to Support Implementation of the Harkin-Engel Protocol that aims to reduce the worst forms of child labor by 70 percent across the cocoa sectors of Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire by 2020. The Declaration was witnessed by U.S. Senator Tom Harkin, Congressman Elliot Engel and ILO Washington Director Nancy Donaldson. Secretary Solis announced a commitment of $10 million to the initiative on behalf of the U.S. Department of Labor to help remediate children caught in the worst forms of child labor. This public-private partnership also includes a $7 million commitment from the international chocolate and cocoa industry, with an additional $3 million in potential increases to existing projects meeting the goals of the Harkin-Engel Protocol.
May 13, 2011 - Resolution 1981 (2011) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6535th meeting, decides to authorize the Secretary-General, further to paragraph 1 of resolution 1968 (2011), paragraphs 3 and 4 of resolution 1967 (2011), paragraph 6 of resolution 1962 (2010), resolution 1951 (2010) and paragraphs 4 and 6 of resolution 1609 (2005), to extend up to 30 June 2011 the temporary redeployment from UNMIL to UNOCI of three infantry companies, one aviation unit comprised of two military utility helicopters and three armed helicopters with crews and further requests the Secretary General to provide it with an updated analysis and recommendations on the inter-mission cooperation arrangements by 15 June 2011 UNSCR 1981 (2011).
April 28, 2011 - Resolution 1980 (2011) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6525th meeting, decides to review the measures renewed in paragraph 1 above in light of the progress achieved in the stabilization throughout the country, the holding of the parliamentary elections and the implementation of the key steps of the peace process, as referred to in resolution 1933 (2010), by the end of the period mentioned in paragraph 1, and decides further to carry out a midterm review of the measures renewed in paragraph 1 above no later than 31 October 2011, with a view to possibly modifying, lifting or maintaining, ahead of 30 April 2012, all or part of the measures of the sanctions regime, in accordance with progress in the peace process, the developments related to Human rights violations and the developments related to the parliamentary elections UNSCR 1980 (2011).
UNSCR 1975 (2011) - March 30, 2011 UN Sanctions
UNSCR 1975 (2011) UN News Center
The Council condemned the use of Radiodiffusion Télévision Ivoirienne (RTI) and other media to incite discrimination, hostility, hatred and violence, including against UNOCI, and demanded that all parties abide “scrupulously” by their obligation to respect the safety of UNOCI and other UN personnel and ensure their freedom of movement.
It decided to adopt targeted sanctions against those individuals who meet the criteria set out in previous resolutions, including those who obstruct peace and reconciliation in the country, obstruct the work of UNOCI and other international actors and commit serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law.
In addition to
- Mr. Gbagbo and
- his wife, Simone,
today’s resolution imposed targeted financial and travel measures against
- Désiré Tagro, Secretary General in the so-called ‘presidency’ of Mr. Gbagbo;
- Pascal Affi N’Guessan, Chairman of the Ivorian Popular Front; and
- Alcide Djédjé, a close advisor to Mr. Gbagbo.
UNSCR 1782 (2007) UN Sanctions
UNSCR 1572 (2004) UN Arms Sanctions
- embargo on arms and related material
- ban on exports of equipment for internal repression
- ban on provision of certain services
Restrictions on admission:
- freezing of funds and economic resources of certain persons who constitute a threat to the peace and national reconciliation process in Côte d’Ivoire
- import ban on diamonds
Exempt on arms & related material for UN Forces (peace keepers)
UN - October 15, 2010 - Côte d’Ivoire - UN sanctions extended for another six months.
November 01, 1998 – The Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS) declared a moratorium on the import, export and manufacture of light weapons. The Moratorium applies to pistols, rifles, shotguns, sub-machine guns, carbines, machine guns, anti-tank missiles, mortars and howitzers up to 85mm and ammunition and spare parts for the above. A Code of Conduct on its implementation was agreed on 24 March 1999.
Exceptions to the Moratorium may be granted where the goods are to meet legitimate security needs.
There are three exceptions to the Moratorium as follows:
- for international peace operations
- for legitimate national security needs
- for individual ownership of a single weapon in the pistol, shotgun or non-military rifle categories for hunting or sporting purposes.
The ECOWAS Moratorium applies to all states in ECOWAS:
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Côte d'Ivoire
- Sierra Leone
March 09, 2012 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 193/2012 - ￼￼￼￼￼￼This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons relating to the Ivory Coast.
February 13, 2012 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 113/2012 of 13/02/2012 - ￼￼￼￼￼￼This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons relating to the Ivory Coast. Deletion of names.
July 13, 2011 - EU declaration on the alignment of certain third (candidate) countries concerning renewing the restrictive measures against Côte d'Ivoire EU Press Release
- The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, align themselves with this declaration.
June 28, 2011 - COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION EU No 623/2011 of 27 June 2011 - Implementing Regulation (EC) No 560/2005 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Côte d'Ivoire. The entities listed in the Annex to this Regulation shall be deleted from the list set out in Annex IA to Regulation (EC) No 560/2005. Details of the entities are: <sort> APROCANCI (COTE D'IVOIRE ASSOCIATION OF NATURAL RUBBER PRODUCERS)- a.k.a: l'Association des Producteurs de Caoutchouc Natural de Cote d'Ivoire - Address: Cocody II Plateau Boulevard Latrille, Sicogi, Block A, Building D, 1st Floor RTI (IVORIAN RADIO AND TELEVISION) - a.k.a: Radiodiffusion Television ivoirienne - Address: Cocody Boulevard des Martyrs, 08 - BP 883 - Abidjan 08, Ivory Coast. SOGEPE (NATIONAL ELECTRICITY MANAGEMENT) - a.k.a: Societe de gestion du patrimoine de l'electricite - Address: Abidjan Plateau, Place de la Republique, EECI building, 15th Floor </sort>
June 27, 2011 - EU lifts the restrictions on the three remaining entities on the Côte d'Ivoire list - The Council of the European Union decided today to lift the restrictions on the last three entities subject to an EU assets freeze, in order to support the country's economic recovery. Under the measures adopted today, the Côte d'Ivoire Association of Natural Rubber Producers (APROCANCI), National Electricity Management (SOGEPE) and Ivorian Radio and Television (RTI) are delisted.
The assets freeze was lifted for an initial four entities on 8 April 2011 and for six more on 29 April 2011. The implementing Decision and Regulation were adopted today by the Council under written procedure and will be published in the Official Journal of the EU on 27 June 2011. EU Press Release
May 04, 2011 - Remaining EU Sanctions on economic entities and on individuals to be progressively lifted in close consultation with the government to support the country's economic recovery and national reconciliation process. EU Press Release
April 29, 2011 The Council of the European Union decided today to lift its restrictions on a further six entities, in order to support the country's economic recovery. Under the measures adopted today, the National Petroleum Operations Company of Côte d'Ivoire (PETROCI), National Investment Bank (BNI), Agricultural Credit Bank (BFA), Versus Bank, Caisse d'Epargne de Côte d'Ivoire (Savings Bank of Côte d'Ivoire) and Banque de l'Habitat de Côte d'Ivoire (BHCI - Housing Bank of Côte d'Ivoire) are removed from the list of entities subject to the EU assets freeze.
The assets freeze was lifted for an initial four entities on 8 April 2011. The Implementing Decision and Regulation were adopted today by the Council under written procedure and will be published in the Official Journal of the EU on 30 April 2011. EU Press Release
April 28, 2011 (CFSP) - Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the European Union on the alignment of certain third countries with the Council Decision 2011/221/CFSP amending Decision 2010/656/CFSP renewing the restrictive measures against Côte d'Ivoire and Council Decision 2011/230/CFSP: EU Press Release
The Council of the European Union adopted new legislation on April 06, 2011 to impose additional restrictive measures against Côte d'Ivoire, in view of the gravity of the situation there. EU Press Release
In accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 1975, the EU had also added an additional individual to the list of persons who are subject to a visa ban and an assets freeze because they are deemed to be obstructing peace and reconciliation in Côte d'Ivoire, obstructing the work of the UN Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI) and committing serious human rights violations.
COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 25/2011 of 14 January 2011, amending Regulation (EC) No 560/2005 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Côte d’Ivoire.
Decision 2010/656/CFSP, as amended, provides for the adoption of restrictive measures against certain persons who, while not designated by the United Nations (UN) Security Council or the Sanctions Committee, are obstructing the process of peace and national reconciliation in Côte d’Ivoire and in particular those who are jeopardising the proper outcome of the electoral process, as well as against legal persons, entities or bodies owned or controlled by such persons and persons, entities or bodies acting on their behalf or at their direction. EU Sanctions
COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1240/2008 of 10 December 2008, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 560/2005 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Côte d’Ivoire.
COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 560/2005 of 12 April 2005, imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Côte d'Ivoire.
COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2004/852/CFSP of 13 December 2004 concerning restrictive measures against Côte d'Ivoire EU Arms Sanctions
General overview EU Sanctions
Dutch Sanction Law 1977 - Côte d’Ivoire 2005
March 09, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 193/2012 - ￼￼￼￼￼￼This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons relating to the Ivory Coast.
February 13, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 113/2012 of 13/02/2012 - ￼￼￼￼￼￼This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons relating to the Ivory Coast.
June 28, 2011 - Financial Sanctions Notification Ivory Coast Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 623/2011 - This notification is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed by the European Union against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in the Ivory Coast. The entities removed from Annex IA are no longer subject to the asset freeze imposed under Article 2 of the 2005 Regulation. Details of the entities are:
<sort> APROCANCI (COTE D'IVOIRE ASSOCIATION OF NATURAL RUBBER PRODUCERS)- a.k.a: l'Association des Producteurs de Caoutchouc Natural de Cote d'Ivoire - Address: Cocody II Plateau Boulevard Latrille, Sicogi, Block A, Building D, 1st Floor - Other Information: Is helping to fund the illegitimate government of Mr Laurent Gbagbo. - Group ID: 11382 RTI (IVORIAN RADIO AND TELEVISION) - a.k.a: Radiodiffusion Television ivoirienne - Address: Cocody Boulevard des Martyrs, 08 - BP 883 - Abidjan 08, Ivory Coast - Group ID: 11384 SOGEPE (NATIONAL ELECTRICITY MANAGEMENT) - a.k.a: Societe de gestion du patrimoine de l'electricite - Address: Abidjan Plateau, Place de la Republique, EECI building, 15th Floor - Other Information: Is helping to fund the illegitimate government of Mr Laurent Gbagbo. - Group ID: 11383 </sort> HM Treasury UK-EU Sanctions 623/2011
By the adoption of UNSCR 1572 (2004) on 15 November 2004, the United Nations imposed an arms embargo with immediate effect on the Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) and also imposed travel restrictions and an assets freeze effective 15 December 2004 on individuals designated by the UN Sanctions Committee as deemed to constitute a threat to the peace and national reconciliation process in the Ivory Coast, in particular those who block implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis and Accra III Agreements, any other person determined as responsible for serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in the Ivory Coast, any person who incites publicly hatred and violence, and any other person determined by the Committee to be in violation of the arms embargo also imposed in UNSCR 1572 (2004).
The EU adopted Regulation 560/2005 on 12 April 2005 which implemented UNSCR 1572 (2004).
The EU adopted Regulation 25/2011 on 14 January 2011 which amended Regulation 560/2005 to provide for the EU to list, separately to the UN, persons obstructing the process of peace and national reconciliation, and in particular who are jeopardising the proper outcome of the electoral process in the Ivory Coast.
Brussels, 26 July 2011 - Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the European Union on the alignment of certain third countries with the Council Decision 2011/412/CFSP amending Decision 2010/656/CFSP renewing the restrictive measures against Côte d'Ivoire - EU Press Release or more information on the EU Third Countries alignment page.
January 21, 2013 - Massnahmen gegenüber Côte d'Ivoire
Bern, 21.01.2013 - Das Eidgenössische Departement für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung WBF hat den Anhang/die Anhänge der Verordnung geändert. Die Verordnung vom 19. Januar 2005 über Massnahmen gegenüber Côte d'Ivoire (SR 946.231.13, «Sanktionsverordnung») enthält im Anhang die Namen der Personen, welche von der UNO sanktioniert wurden. Zusätzlich zur Sanktionsverordnung erliess der Bundesrat am 19. Januar 2011 die Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber gewissen Personen aus Côte d'Ivoire (SR 918.104.22.168, «Blockierungsverordnung»). Die Blockierungsverordnung sperrt Vermögenswerte des ehemaligen Präsidenten Laurent Gbagbo und seiner Entourage in der Schweiz. Eine Reihe von UNO-Beschlüssen, welche seit dem Inkrafttreten der Blockierungsverordnung gefällt wurden, konnten bisher nicht in die Sanktionsverordnung übernommen werden, da sonst eine Doppelspurigkeit mit der Blockierungsverordnung geschaffen worden wäre. Da per 22. Januar 2013 die Namensliste der Blockierungsverordnung auf nur noch vier Personen reduziert wurde, konnte der Anhang der Sanktionsverordnung nunmehr angepasst werden. Konkret wurden fünf zusätzliche Personen in den Anhang der Sanktionsverordnung aufgenommen.
Massnahmen gegenüber Côte d'Ivoire
Der Bundesrat hat am 19.01.2005 die Verhängung von Sanktionen gegenüber Côte d’Ivoire beschlossen und eine entsprechende Verordnung erlassen. Mit dieser Verordnung setzt die Schweiz die UNO-Sicherheitsratsresolution 1572 (2004) vom 15.11.2004 um. Die Verordnung sieht folgende Massnahmen gegenüber Côte d’Ivoire vor:
- Verbot der Lieferung von Rüstungsgütern nach Côte d’Ivoire sowie Verbot der Gewährung technischer Ausbildung und Beratung im Zusammenhang mit solchen Gütern
Sperrung von Geldern und wirtschaftlichen Ressourcen
Gelder und wirtschaftliche Ressourcen, die sich im Eigentum oder unter der Kontrolle der natürlichen Personen, Unternehmen und Organisationen gemäss Anhang befinden, sind gesperrt. Ausnahmsweise kann die Direktion für Völkerrecht (DV) des Eidgenössischen Departements für auswärtige Angelegenheiten (EDA) nach Rücksprache mit den zuständigen Stellen des Staatssekretariats für Wirtschaft (SECO) und des Eidgenössischen Finanzdepartements (EFD) Zahlungen aus gesperrten Konten, Übertragungen gesperrter Vermögenswerte sowie die Freigabe gesperrter wirtschaftlicher Ressourcen zur Wahrung schweizerischer Interessen oder zur Vermeidung von Härtefällen bewilligen.
15.02.2011 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegen gewisse Personen aus Côte d’Ivoire, Änderung
19.01.2011 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegen gewisse Personen aus Côte d’Ivoire
On 15 November 2004 the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 1572 (2004), imposing sanctions in relation to Côte d’Ivoire in response to air strikes committed by the national armed forces of Côte d’Ivoire (FANCI) in violations of the ceasefire agreement signed by the Ivoirian political forces in Linas-Marcoussis on 24 January 2003. The sanctions were extended by UNSC resolutions 1643 (2005) to prevent the importation of rough diamonds, and renewed by UNSC resolutions 1727 (2006), 1893 (2009) and 1946 (2010).
On November 15, 2004, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1572 imposing sanctions against Côte d'Ivoire in response to the resumption of hostilities in Côte d'Ivoire and the repeated violations of the ceasefire agreement of May 3, 2003.
The measures imposed against Côte d'Ivoire have been renewed by the Security Council in subsequent resolutions.
The United Nations Côte d'Ivoire Regulations, implement the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law. Implementation of the travel ban imposed by Resolution 1572 (2004) is ensured in Canada under existing provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
Subject to certain exceptions, the measures imposed against Côte d'Ivoire include:
- a prohibition on the export of arms and related material to any person in Côte d'Ivoire;
- a prohibition on the provision to any person in Côte d'Ivoire of technical assistance related to military activities;
- an assets freeze against persons designated by the Committee of the Security Council established pursuant to paragraph 14 of Resolution 1572 (2004) (“the 1572 Committee”), persons designated by the 1572 Committee who are acting on behalf of, or at the direction of, another person designated by the committee, and entities owned or controlled by a person designated by the 1572 Committee; and
- a travel ban against persons designated by the 1572 Committee.
July 15, 2011 - United Nations Sanctions (Côte d’Ivoire) (No. 2) Regulation 2011 - Further to the gazettal of the United Nations Sanctions (Côte d’Ivoire) (No.2) Regulation 2011 (Cap. 537 sub. leg. AV) on 30 June 2011, the Chief Executive has specified under section 35 of the Regulation a list of persons as a relevant person. The list was published in the Government Gazette (G.N. 4429 of 2011) today and is available on the [(http://www.gld.gov.hk/egazette/ government’s website]. Hong Kong sanctions - UN Based
July 04, 2011 - United Nations Sanctions (Côte d’Ivoire) Regulation 2011 Hong Kong Sanctions UN Based.
January 11, 2011 - United Nations Sanctions (Côte d’Ivoire) Regulation 2011 and List of Names for Suspicious Account Reporting Hong Kong Sanctions - UN / US based sanctions.
Article 41 of the United Nations Charter authorises the Security Council to take enforcement measures not involving the use of force in order to give effect to its decisions. These measures often take the form of sanctions. UN Security Council sanctions are binding on all UN member States, including New Zealand, and are implemented in New Zealand law by regulations made under the United Nations Act 1946. All persons and entities in New Zealand, and in many cases New Zealand citizens and companies overseas, must comply with regulations implementing Security Council sanctions. The range of sanctions imposed by the Security Council has included comprehensive economic and trade sanctions as well as more targeted measures such as arms embargoes, travel bans, and financial restrictions. Financial restrictions, otherwise known as an “assets freeze” are one of the most commonly used sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council. New Zealand Sanctions
March 10, 2006 - Monetary Authority of Singapore (Freezing Of Assets Of Persons - Cote d'Ivoire) Regulations 2006 (G.N. No. S 154/2006) Singapore Sanctions - UN based sanctions.
June 30, 2011 - Updated OFAC Sanctions 31 CFR Chapter V The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is amending 31 CFR chapter V to replace the list of persons (which includes individuals and entities) with whom transactions and dealings are prohibited by the various economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC that appears at Appendix A to 31 CFR chapter V with information on how to obtain up-to-date lists of such persons on OFAC’s Web site or by other means.
OFAC also is removing Appendix B to 31 CFR chapter V, which includes the names of certain blocked vessels. In addition, OFAC is amending its regulations for a number of the sanctions programs it administers to revise references to Appendix A and to remove references to Appendix B.
Finally, OFAC is amending the Iranian Transactions Regulations, by republishing in alphabetical order the entire list of persons identified in Appendix A to 31 CFR Part 560, to reflect changes to the list since that appendix was last published. Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 126 / Thursday, June 30, 2011 / Rules and Regulations
543 COTE D’IVOIRE – SDN List + Additional information pertaining to the SDN List can be found in Appendix A to this chapter. See § 543.411 concerning entities that may not be listed on the SDN List but whose property and interests in property are nevertheless blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section.
§ 543.411 Entities owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked. A person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to §543.201(a) has an interest in all property and interests in property of an entity in which it owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest. The property and interests in property of such an entity, therefore, are blocked, and such an entity is a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to §543.201(a), regardless of whether the entity itself is listed in the Annex to Executive Order 13396 or designated pursuant to §543.201(a).
Blocking Property of certain persons contributing to the conflict in Côte d’Ivoire - OFAC Ivory Coast
ITAR Based sanctions, see chapter on ITAR for more detailed information
- August 8, 2011 - 76 FR 47990 - Amendment to ITAR §126.1. Denial policy, with certain exceptions.
- December 14, 2004 - 69 FR 74560
- December 18, 2004 - 72 FR 71575
Case by Case but covers military items (“munitions” or “defense articles”), including goods and technology designed to kill people or defend against death in a military setting.