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June 01, 2012 – UN tribunal convicts former Rwandan minister of youth for genocide

The United Nations tribunal trying key suspects implicated in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda today convicted the country’s former youth minister of genocide and crimes against humanity, and sentenced him to life imprisonment. Callixte Nzabonimana was convicted of genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).

UN News Centre

UN arms embargo

UN Security Council Resolution 1011 (1995) lifted the embargo only with respect to the Government of Rwanda.

UNSCR 918 (17.5.1994)

UNSCR 997 (9.6.1995)

UNSCR 1011 (16.8.1995)

UN arms embargo targeting non-governmental forces (exception: Government of Rwanda)

  • Covers military items (“munitions” or “defense articles”), including goods and technology designed to kill people or defend against death in a military setting
  • Includes most space-related technology because of missile technology application
  • Includes technical data related to defense articles and services (furnishing assistance including design and use of defense articles)
  • Purpose is to ensure U.S. security – no balancing of commercial or research objectives

UN Sanction


On May 17, 1994, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 918 imposing an arms embargo against Rwanda in response to ongoing violence in Rwanda.

The United Nations Rwanda Regulations implemented the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law. New Development

On July 10, 2008, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1823 (2008) terminating the arms embargo on Rwanda in light of the steps towards the restoration of peace and stability in the African Great Lakes region. Accordingly, the United Nations Rwanda Regulations were repealed on June 4, 2009, with the entry into force of the Regulations Repealing the United Nations Rwanda Regulations. Sanctions

The prohibition on the export of arms and related material to any person in Rwanda has been lifted.

Canada Sanctions



ITAR Based sanctions, see chapter on ITAR for more detailed information

Rwanda Policy

It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses, other approvals, exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in Rwanda except for the Government of Rwanda, which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis, respecting UNSCR 1011 resolution of 1995.

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