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Rebel Groups

Ogaden National Liberation Front – The Horn of Africa has been marked by struggle for decades. Behind some of the violence, including an April 2007 attack on a Chinese oil rig in Ethiopia, is the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). The ONLF, a group of ethnic Somali nationalists based in eastern Ethiopia, takes up the banner of past groups seeking self-governance for ethnic Somalis throughout the region. Their attacks threaten the delicate stability of the region and could set off a new chill on much-needed foreign investment.


July 29, 2011 – The Security Council – Resolution 2002 (2011) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6596th meeting, on 29 July 2011

  • Condemning flows of weapons and ammunition supplies to and through Somalia and Eritrea in violation of the Somalia arms embargo and the Eritrea arms embargo established pursuant to resolution 1907 (2009) (hereinafter referred to as the “Eritrea arms embargo”), as a serious threat towards peace and stability in the region
  • Calling upon all Member States, in particular those in the region, to refrain from any action in contravention of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes, and to take all necessary steps to hold violators accountable, Reaffirming the importance of enhancing the monitoring of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes through persistent and vigilant investigation into the violations, bearing in mind that strict enforcement of the arms embargoes will improve the overall security situation in the region
  • UNSCR 2002 (2011) UNSCR 2002/2011

April 11, 2011 – The Security Council, Recalling its previous resolutions concerning the situation in Somalia, especially resolutions 1918 (2010) and 1950 (2010).

Continuing to be gravely concerned by the growing threat that piracy and armed robbery at sea against vessels pose to the situation in Somalia and other States in the region, as well as to international navigation, the safety of commercial maritime routes and the safety of seafarers and other persons, and also gravely concerned by the increased level of violence employed by pirates and persons involved in armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia.

Strongly condemning the growing practice of hostage-taking by pirates operating off the coast of Somalia, expressing serious concern at the inhuman conditions hostage face in captivity, recognizing the adverse impact on their families, calling for the immediate release of all hostages, and noting the importance of cooperation between Member States on the issue of hostage-taking.

  • UNSCR 1976 (2011) UNSCR 1975/2011
  • UNSCR 0751 (1992) & UNSCR 1844 (2008) & 1425 (2002) UN Sanction
  • UNSCR 0733 (1992) UN Arms Sanctions


October 15, 2012 – EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012 – implementing Article 12(1) and Article 13 of Regulation (EU) No 356/2010 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain natural or legal persons, entities or bodies, in view of the situation in Somalia.

  • Aboud Rogo Mohammed
  • Abubaker Shariff Ahmed

July 23, 2012 – Council conclusions on the Process for Ending the Transition in Somalia

Recalling its Conclusions of 14 May 2012, the Council urges the Somali leadership and all other stakeholders to implement their commitments to end the current transition on 20 August 2012 and to demonstrate they are acting in the interests of the Somali people as a whole. The EU welcomes the agreement of the Somali Roadmap Signatories made in Nairobi on 22 June 2012 on the final draft Provisional Constitution that will be handed over to the National Constituent Assembly (NCA), but is concerned that continuous readjustment of timelines and missed deadlines risk undermining the transparency and legitimacy of the political process initiated by the Garowe Principles. An extension of the mandate of the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) will not be accepted and efforts to obstruct genuine reform in Somalia will be met with appropriate action. Follow the link for more details EU conclusions

July 16, 2012 – EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 641/2012 -This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons, entities or bodies in view of the situation in Somalia. EU amending Regulation (EU) No 356/2010 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain natural or legal persons, entities or bodies, in view of the situation in Somalia.

May 14, 2012 – Council conclusions on Somalia

“With only three months to go to the end of the political transition in Somalia, the EU calls on the Somali leadership to seize this opportunity and to implement their commitments to ensure that the 20 August deadline is met. Responsibility for the design and delivery of a political solution lies with Somalis themselves. The Garowe Principles agreed by the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the other signatories of the Kampala Roadmap and civil society, provide a sound basis for that solution. The EU welcomes the progress made so far. Crucial now is the establishment of new institutions and the adoption of a new Constitution by a representative Constituent Assembly in full transparency. This Constitution, subject to a national referendum in due course, must be underpinned by respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including women’s rights and the rights of persons belonging to minorities. More information EU Press Release

September 27, 2011 – Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 956/2011 of 26 September 2011 implementing Articles 12(1) and 13 of Regulation (EU) No 356/2010 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain natural or legal persons, entities or bodies, in view of the situation in Somalia.

Persons <sort> Yasin Ali Baynah (a.k.a. a) Ali, Yasin Baynah, b) Ali, Yassin Mohamed, c) Baynah, Yasin, d) Baynah, Yassin, e) Baynax, Yasiin Cali, f) Beenah, Yasin, g) Beenah, Yassin, h) Beenax, Yasin, i) Beenax, Yassin, j) Benah, Yasin, k) Benah, Yassin, l) Benax, Yassin, m) Beynah, Yasin, n) Binah, Yassin, o) Cali, Yasiin Baynax)- Date of birth: 24 December 1965. Nationality: Somalia. Alt. Nationality: Sweden. Location: Rinkeby, Stockholm, Sweden; Mogadishu, Somalia. Hassan Dahir Aweys (a.k.a. a) Ali, Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, b) Awes, Hassan Dahir, c) Awes, Shaykh Hassan Dahir, d) Aweyes, Hassen Dahir, e) Aweys, Ahmed Dahir, f) Aweys, Sheikh, g) Aweys, Sheikh Hassan Dahir, h) Dahir, Aweys Hassan, i) Ibrahim, Mohammed Hassan, j) OAIS, Hassan Tahir, k) Uways, Hassan Tahir, l) ‘Hassan, Sheikh’) – Date of birth: 1935. Citizen: Somalia. Nationality: Somalia. Location: Somalia. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2010. Hassan Abdullah Hersi Al-Turki (a.k.a. a) Al-Turki, Hassan, b) Turki, Hassan, c) Turki, Hassan Abdillahi Hersi, d) Turki, Sheikh Hassan, e) Xirsi, Xasan Cabdilaahi, f) Xirsi, Xasan Cabdulle) – Date of birth: circa 1944. Place of birth: Ogaden Region, Ethiopia. Nationality: Somalia. Location: Somalia. Ahmed Abdi aw-Mohamed (a.k.a. a) Abu Zubeyr, Muktar Abdirahman, b) Abuzubair, Muktar Abdulrahim, c) Aw Mohammed, Ahmed Abdi, d) Aw-Mohamud, Ahmed Abdi, e) ‘Godane’, f) ‘Godani’, g) ‘Mukhtar, Shaykh’, h) ‘Zubeyr, Abu’) – Date of birth: 10 July 1977. Place of birth: Hargeysa, Somalia. Nationality: Somalia. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2010. Fuad Mohamed Khalaf (a.k.a. a) Fuad Mohamed Khalif, b) Fuad Mohamed Qalaf, c) Fuad Mohammed Kalaf, d) Fuad Mohamed Kalaf, e) Fuad Mohammed Khalif, f) Fuad Khalaf, g) Fuad Shongale, h) Fuad Shongole, i) Fuad Shangole, j) Fuad Songale, k) Fouad Shongale, l) Fuad Muhammad Khalaf Shongole) – Nationality: Somalia. Location: Mogadishu, Somalia. Alt. Location: Somalia. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2010.EN L 249/2 Official Journal of the European Union 27.9.2011 Bashir Mohamed Mahamoud (a.k.a. a) Bashir Mohamed Mahmoud, b) Bashir Mahmud Mohammed, c) Bashir Mohamed Mohamud, d) Bashir Mohamed Mohamoud, e) Bashir Yare, f) Bashir Qorgab, g) Gure Gap, h) ‘Abu Muscab’, i) ‘Qorgab’) – Date of birth: circa 1979-1982. Alt. Date of birth: 1982. Nationality: Somalia. Location: Mogadishu, Somalia. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2010. Mohamed Sa’id (a.k.a. a)‘Atom’, b) Mohamed Sa’id Atom, c) Mohamed Siad Atom) – Date of birth: circa 1966. Place of birth: Galgala, Somalia. Location: Galgala, Somalia. Alternative Location: Badhan, Somalia. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2010. Fares Mohammed Mana’a (a.k.a.: a) Faris Mana’a, b) Fares Mohammed Manaa) – Date of birth: 8 February 1965. Place of birth: Sadah, Yemen. Passport No.: 00514146; Place of issue: Sanaa, Yemen. ID Card No.: 1417576; Place of issue: Al-Amana, Yemen; Date of issue: 7 January 1996. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2010. Hassan Mahat Omar (a.k.a.: a) Hassaan Hussein Adam, b) Hassane Mahad Omar, c) Xassaan Xuseen Adan, d) Asan Mahad Cumar, e) Abu Salman, f) Abu Salmaan, g) Sheikh Hassaan Hussein). – Date of birth: 10 April 1979. Place of birth: Garissa, Kenya. Nationality: Possibly Ethiopian. Passport No.: A 1180173 Kenya, expiry 20 August 2017.ID Card No.: 23446085. Location: Nairobi, Kenya. Date of UN designation: 28 July 2011. Omar Hammami (a.k.a.: a) Abu Maansuur Al-Amriki, b) Abu Mansour Al-Amriki, c) Abu Mansuur Al-Amriki, d) Umar Hammami, e) Abu Mansur Al-Amriki). – Date of birth: 6 May 1984. Place of birth: Alabama, United States. Nationality: United States. Also believed to hold Syrian nationality. </sort>

Entities AL-SHABAAB (a.k.a. a) Al-Shabab, b) Shabaab, c) The Youth, d) Mujahidin Al-Shabaab Movement, e) Mujahideen Youth Movement, f) Mujahidin Youth Movement, g) MYM, h) Harakat Shabab Al-Mujahidin, i) Hizbul Shabaab, j) Hisb’ul Shabaab, k) Al-Shabaab Al-Islamiya, l) Youth Wing, m) Al-Shabaab Al-Islaam, n) Al-Shabaab Al-Jihaad, o) The Unity Of Islamic Youth, p) Harakat Al-Shabaab Al-Mujaahidiin, q) Harakatul Shabaab Al Mujaahidiin, r) Mujaahidiin Youth Movement)

Location: Somalia. Date of UN designation: 12 April 2011. Al-Shabaab has engaged in acts that directly or indirectly threaten the peace, security, or stability of Somalia, including but not limited to: acts that threaten the Djibouti Agreement of August 18, 2008, or the political process; and, acts that threaten the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs), the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), or other international peacekeeping operations related to Somalia.

Al-Shabaab has also obstructed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to Somalia, or access to, or distribution of, humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

According to the statement by the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia to the Security Council delivered on 29 July 2009, both Al-Shabaab and Hisb’ul Islam publicly and repeatedly claimed responsibility for the attacks by forces on the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and AMISOM. Al-Shabaab had also claimed responsibility for the killing of TFG officials, and on 19 July 2009 had raided and shut down the field offices of UNOPS, UNDSS and UNDP in the Bay and Bakool regions, in violation of paragraph (c) of resolution 1844 (2008). Al-Shabaab has also repeatedly obstructed access to, or distribution of, humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

The United Nations Security Council’s Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Somalia, dated 20 July 2009, contained the following paragraphs involving the activities of al-Shabaab in Somalia:

Insurgent groups, such as al-Shabaab, are alleged to be extorting money from private companies and recruiting young people to join the fight against the Government in Mogadishu, including child soldiers. Al-Shabaab has confirmed the presence of foreign fighters within its ranks and has stated openly that it is working with al-Qaida in Mogadishu to remove the Government of Somalia. The foreign fighters, many of whom reportedly originate from Pakistan and Afghanistan, appear to be well trained and battle-tested. They have been observed wearing hoods and directing offensive operations against Government forces in Mogadishu and neighbouring regions.

Al-Shabaab has intensified its strategy to coerce and intimidate the Somali population, as reflected in the carefully selected high gain assassinations and arrests of clan elders, several of whom have been murdered. On 19 June 2009, Omar Hashi Aden, the Minister of National Security, was killed in a large-scale suicide car bomb in Beletwyne. Over 30 other people were killed in the attack, which was strongly condemned by the international community and a broad cross-section of Somali society.

According to the December 2008 report from the UN Security Council Somalia Monitoring Group (2008/769), al- Shabaab is responsible for a variety of attacks within Somalia over the last several years, including:

  • The reported killing and beheading of a Somali driver working for the World Food Programme in September 2008,EN L 249/4 Official Journal of the European Union 27.9.2011
  • The bombing of a market in Puntland that killed 20 and wounded over 100 on 6 February 2008,
  • A campaign of bombings and targeted killings in Somaliland intended to disrupt the 2006 parliamentary elections,
  • The murders of several foreign aid workers in 2003 and 2004,

According to reporting, al-Shabaab raided United Nations compounds in Somalia on 20 July 2009, and issued a decree banning three agencies of the United Nations from the al-Shabaab controlled areas of Somalia. Additionally, Somali Transitional Federal Government forces fought al-Shabaab and Hizbul Islam insurgents from 11-12 July 2009 resulting in the deaths of over 60 people. In the fighting on 11 July 2009, al-Shabaab landed four mortars inside Villa Somalia that resulted in the deaths of three African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers and injuries to eight others.

According to an article published by the British Broadcasting Corporation on 22 February 2009, al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb attack on an African Union military base in Mogadishu. According to the article, the African Union confirmed that 11 African Union peacekeepers were killed and 15 others were hurt.

According to an article published by Reuters on 14 July 2009, al-Shabaab militants made gains in 2009 in guerrilla- style attacks on Somali and African Union forces.

According to an article published by Voice of America on 10 July 2009, al-Shabaab was involved in an attack on Somali government forces in May 2009.

According to an article posted on the website of the Council on Foreign Relations authored on 27 February 2009, al- Shabaab has waged an insurgency against Somalia’s transitional government and its Ethiopian supporters since 2006. Al-Shabaab killed eleven Burundian soldiers in the deadliest attack on AU peacekeepers since their deployment and states that al-Shabaab engaged in heavy fighting that killed at least fifteen people in Mogadishu.

April 26, 2010 – Council Regulation EU) No 356/2010 of 26 April 2010 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain natural or legal persons, entities or bodies, in view of the situation in Somalia.

EU common position 2002/960/CFSP EU Arms Sanctions

  • COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 147/2003 of 27 January 2003 concerning certain restrictive measures in respect of Somalia
    • Embargo on arms and related materiel
    • Technical assistance and financing relating to military activities
    • Ban on provision of certain services

Without prejudice to the powers of the Member States in the exercise of their public authority, it shall be prohibited: To provide financing or financial assistance related to military activities, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance, for any sale, supply, transfer or export of arms and related materiel, directly or indirectly to any person, entity or body in Somalia, To grant, sell, supply or transfer technical advice, assistance or training related to military activities, including in particular training and assistance related to the manufacture, maintenance and use of arms and related materiel of all types, directly or indirectly to any person, entity or body in Somalia.

General information EU Sanctions on Somalia.


Dutch Sanction Law 1977 – Somalia 2003


October 16, 2012 – UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 943/2012 – implementing Article 12(1) and Article 13 of Regulation (EU) No 356/2010 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain natural or legal persons, entities or bodies, in view of the situation in Somalia.

  • Aboud Rogo Mohammed
  • Abubaker Shariff Ahmed

UK & EU 943/2012

July 17, 2012 – UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 641/2012 -This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons, entities or bodies in view of the situation in Somalia. EU amending Regulation (EU) No 356/2010 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain natural or legal persons, entities or bodies, in view of the situation in Somalia. UK-EU 641/2012

September 27, 2011 – The Treasury’s Consolidated List of persons subject to financial sanctions in effect in the UK, which is maintained on the Treasury website, has been updated to reflect the additions and amendments. Relevant institutions and other persons are requested to check whether they maintain any accounts or otherwise hold any funds or economic resources for the persons set out in the Annex to this notification whose details have been added to or amended in Annex I to the 2010 Regulation, and, if so, they must freeze such accounts or other funds and, unless licensed by the Treasury, refrain from making available funds and/or economic resources to such persons. UK-EU Alignment 956/2011

On 22 July 2002, the United Nations Security Council adopted UNSCR 1425 which reaffirmed previous resolutions, including the imposition of an arms embargo on Somalia, and extended them by prohibiting the direct and indirect supply to Somalia of technical advice, financial and other assistance, and training related to military activities, with exceptions.

UNSCR 1844 (2008) was adopted on 20 November 2008 introducing a travel ban and an asset freeze against those persons designated by the relevant UN Sanctions Committee who engage in or provide support for acts that threaten the peace, security or stability of Somalia, including acts that threaten the Djibouti Agreement of 18 August 2008 or the political process, or threaten the TFIs or AMISOM by force, act in violation of the general and complete arms embargo imposed by resolution 733(1992), or obstruct the delivery of humanitarian assistance to or access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in, Somalia.

UK Sanctions


On 26 September 2011, the Council adopted Decision 2011/635/CFSP. The Council Decision implements United Nations Security Council Resolution 2002 (2011) which expanded the designation criteria used by the Sanctions Committee established pursuant to UNSCR 751 (2002) concerning Somalia and amended the list of persons and entities subject to restrictive measures.

EU declaration on the alignment of certain third countries (including Norway) with the Council Decision 2011/635/CFSP amending Decision 2010/231/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against Somalia


May 22, 2013 – Der Bundesrat hat am 22. Mai 2013 die Sanktionen gegenüber Somalia angepasst. Er setzt damit entsprechende Beschlüsse des UNO-Sicherheitsrats um

Die neuen Bestimmungen treten am 23. Mai 2013 in Kraft. Mit Resolution 2093 (2013) vom 6. März 2013 hatte der UNO-Sicherheitsrat das seit 1992 bestehende Waffenembargo gegenüber Somalia weitgehend aufgehoben, insbesondere was Lieferungen an die neue somalische Bundesregierung betrifft. Damit reagierte der Sicherheitsrat auf die jüngsten Entwicklungen im Land. Nach Inkrafttreten der neuen provisorischen Verfassung am 1. August 2012 wurde im September 2012 erstmals seit 21 Jahren eine somalische Regierung vom neuen Parlament gewählt.

Die Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Somalia wurde, in Ausführung von Resolution 2093 (2013), um mehrere Ausnahmebestimmungen für Rüstungsgüterexporte ergänzt. Basierend auf den Bewilligungspflichten der Kriegsmaterialgesetzgebung kann der Bund indessen auch künftig derartige Exporte nach Somalia unterbinden, falls diese nicht mit den gesetzlichen Erfordernissen vereinbar sind. Die Schweiz hat seit mehr als zehn Jahren keine Ausfuhrbewilligungen für Rüstungsgüter nach Somalia erteilt.

Die Verordnungsänderung wurde zum Anlass genommen, auch das mit Resolution 2036 (2012) beschlossene Importverbot für Holzkohle aus Somalia umzusetzen. Der Erlös aus dem Export von Holzkohle stellt eine wichtige Einnahmequelle der militanten, radikalislamistischen Bewegung Al-Shabaab dar. Die Schweiz hat seit mindestens zehn Jahren keine Holzkohle aus Somalia importiert. Die wichtigsten Lieferländer waren in den letzten beiden Jahren Polen, Bosnien und Herzegowina, die Ukraine und Spanien.

Source: Swiss Sanctions

September 11, 2012 – Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Somalia – Änderung vom 09. September 2012

Änderung der Verordnung vom 7.9.2012 mit Inkrafttreten am 11.9.2012 – Der Anhang wurde durch zwei Personen (Aboud Rogo Mohammed und Abubaker Shariff Ahmed) ergänzt.

Swiss Sanctions

May 02, 2012 – Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Somalia – Änderung vom 27. April 2012

Der Anhang der Verordnung vom 13. Mai 2009 – Der Anhang wurde durch eine Person (Jim’ale, Ali Ahmed Nur) ergänzt

Swiss Sanctions May 02, 2012 & Swiss Sanctions

August 22, 2011 – Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Somalia – Information zur Änderung vom 19. August 2011

Die folgenden Einträge wurden hinzugefügt (new listed): <sort> Hassan Mahat Omar – a.k.a.: Hassaan Hussein Adam; a.k.a.: Hassane Mahad Omar; a.k.a.: Xassaan Xuseen Adan; a.k.a.: Asan Mahad Cumar; a.k.a.: Abu Salman; a.k.a.: Abu Salmaan; a.k.a.: Sheikh Hassaan Hussein; DOB: 10 April 1979; POB: Garissa, Kenya; Nationality: Possibly Ethiopian; Passport No.: A1180173 ( Kenya), exp. 20 Aug 2017; ID Card No.: 23446085 Location: Nairobi, Kenya. Omar Hammami – a.k.a.: Abu Maansuur Al-Amriki; a.k.a.: Abu Mansour Al-Amriki; a.k.a.: Abu Mansuur Al-Amriki; a.k.a.: Umar Hammami; a.k.a.: Abu Mansur Al-Amriki; DOB: 6 May 1984; POB: Alabama, United States; Nationality: United States; alt. Nationality: also believed to hold Syrian nationality; Passport No.: 403062567 (US); ID Card No.: 423-31-3021 (US Social Security Number); Location: Somalia. Lived in Egypt in 2005 and moved to Somalia in 2009; Other information: Married to a Somali woman. </sort>

Already listed <sort> Yasin Ali Baynah – a.k.a.: ALI, Yasin Baynah; a.k.a.: ALI, Yassin Mohamed; a.k.a.: BAYNAH, Yasin; a.k.a.: BAYNAH, Yassin; a.k.a.: BAYNAX, Yasiin Cali; a.k.a.: BEENAH, Yasin; a.k.a.: BEENAH, Yassin; a.k.a.: BEENAX, Yasin; a.k.a.: BEENAX, Yassin; a.k.a.: BENAH, Yasin; a.k.a.: BENAH, Yassin; a.k.a.: BENAX, Yassin; a.k.a.: BEYNAH, Yasin; a.k.a.: BINAH, Yassin; a.k.a.: CALI, Yasiin Baynax; DOB: 24 December 1965; Nationality: Somali; alt. Nationality: Swedish; Location: Rinkeby, Stockholm, Sweden; Mogadishu, Somalia. Hassan Dahir Aweys – a.k.a.: ALI, Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys; a.k.a.: AWES, Hassan Dahir; a.k.a.: AWES, Shaykh Hassan Dahir; a.k.a.: AWEYES, Hassen Dahir; a.k.a.: AWEYS, Ahmed Dahir; a.k.a.: AWEYS, Sheikh; a.k.a.: AWEYS, Sheikh Hassan Dahir; a.k.a.: DAHIR, Aweys Hassan; a.k.a.: IBRAHIM, Mohammed Hassan; a.k.a.: OAIS, Hassan Tahir; a.k.a.: UWAYS, Hassan Tahir; a.k.a.: «HASSAN, Sheikh»; DOB: 1935; Citizen: Somali; Nationality: Somali; Location: Somalia. Hassan Abdullah Hersi Al-Turki – a.k.a.: AL-TURKI, Hassan; a.k.a.: TURKI, Hassan; a.k.a.: TURKI, Hassan Abdillahi Hersi; a.k.a.: TURKI, Sheikh Hassan; a.k.a.: XIRSI, Xasan Cabdilaahi; a.k.a.: XIRSI, Xasan Cabdulle; DOB: circa 1944; POB: Ogaden Region, Ethiopia; Nationality: Somali; Location: Somalia. Ahmed Abdi aw-Mohamed – a.k.a.: ABU ZUBEYR, Muktar Abdirahman; a.k.a.: ABUZUBAIR, Muktar Abdulrahim; a.k.a.: AW MOHAMMED, Ahmed Abdi; a.k.a.: AW-MOHAMUD, Ahmed Abdi; a.k.a.: «GODANE»; a.k.a.: «GODANI»; a.k.a.: «MUKHTAR, Shaykh»; a.k.a.: «ZUBEYR, Abu»; DOB: 10 July 1977; POB: Hargeysa, Somalia; Nationality: Somali. Fuad Mohamed Khalaf – a.k.a.: Fuad Mohamed Khalif; a.k.a.: Fuad Mohamed Qalaf; a.k.a.: Fuad Mohammed Kalaf; a.k.a.: Fuad Mohamed Kalaf; a.k.a.: Fuad Mohammed Khalif; a.k.a.: Fuad Khalaf; aka: Fuad Shongale; a.k.a.: Fuad Shongole; a.k.a.: Fuad Shangole; a.k.a.: Fuad Songale; a.k.a.: Fouad Shongale; a.k.a.: Fuad Muhammad Khalaf Shongole; Nationality: Somali; Location: Mogadishu, Somalia; alt. Location: Somalia. Bashir Mohamed Mahamoud – a.k.a.: Bashir Mohamed Mahmoud; a.k.a.: Bashir Mahmud Mohammed; a.k.a.: Bashir Mohamed Mohamud; a.k.a.: Bashir Mohamed Mohamoud; a.k.a.: Bashir Yare; a.k.a.: Bashir Qorgab; a.k.a.: Gure Gap; a.k.a.: «Abu Muscab»; a.k.a.: «Qorgab»; DOB: circa 1979–1982; alt. DOB: 1982; Nationality: Somali; Location: Mogadishu, Somalia. Mohamed Sa’id – a.k.a.: «Atom»; a.k.a.: Mohamed Sa’id Atom; a.k.a.: Mohamed Siad Atom; DOB: circa 1966; POB: Galgala, Somalia; Location: Galgala, Somalia; alt. Location: Badhan, Somalia. Fares Mohammed Mana’a – a.k.a.: Faris Mana’a; a.k.a.: Fares Mohammed Manaa; DOB: 8 February 1965; POB: Sadah, Yemen; Passport No.: 00514146; Place of Issue: Sanaa, Yemen; ID Card No.: 1417576; Place of Issue: Al-Amana, Yemen; Date of Issue: 7 January 1996. </sort>

Entities already listed:


Swiss sanctions: Änderung der Verordnung vom 19.8.2011 mit Inkrafttreten am 23.8.2011 & Information zur Änderung

Der Bundesrat hat am 13.05.2009 Zwangsmassnahmen gegenüber Somalia beschlossen und eine entsprechende Verordnung erlassen. Mit dieser Verordnung setzt die Schweiz die UNO-Sicherheitsratsresolution 1844 (2008) und weitere Resolutionen um.

Die Verordnung sieht die folgenden Zwangsmassnahmen vor:


  • Die Lieferung, der Verkauf und die Durchfuhr von Rüstungsgütern jeder Art, einschliesslich Waffen und Munition, Militärfahrzeuge und -ausrüstung, paramilitärische Ausrüstung sowie Zubehör und Ersatzteile dafür, nach Somalia sind verboten. (Art. 1 Abs. 1)
  • Die Gewährung von Dienstleistungen aller Art, einschliesslich Finanzierung, Vermittlungsdienste und technische Ausbildung, im Zusammenhang mit der Lieferung, dem Verkauf, der Durchfuhr, der Herstellung, dem Unterhalt und der Verwendung oben genannter Güter sowie mit militärischen Aktivitäten in Somalia ist verboten. (Art. 1 Abs. 2)
  • Die genannten Verbote gelten auch gegenüber den im Anhang der Verordnung aufgeführten natürlichen Personen, Unternehmen und Organisationen. (Art. 1 Abs. 3)

Sperrung von Geldern und wirtschaftlichen Ressourcen

  • Gelder und wirtschaftliche Ressourcen, die sich im Eigentum oder unter der Kon­trolle der natürlichen Personen, Unternehmen und Organisationen nach dem Anhang der Verordnung befinden, sind gesperrt. (Art. 2 Abs. 1)
  • Es ist verboten, den von der Sperrung betroffenen natürlichen Personen, Unter­nehmen und Organisationen Gelder zu überweisen oder Gelder und wirtschaftliche Ressourcen sonstwie direkt oder indirekt zur Verfügung zu stellen. (Art. 2 Abs. 2)
  • Personen und Institutionen, die Gelder halten oder verwalten oder von wirtschaftlichen Ressourcen wissen, von denen anzunehmen ist, dass sie unter die Sperrung fallen, müssen dies dem SECO unverzüglich melden. (Art. 6)


Die Einreise in die Schweiz und die Durchreise durch die Schweiz ist den im Anhang der Verordnung aufgeführten natürlichen Personen verboten. (Art. 4)

Swiss Sanctions


On 23 January 1992 the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 733 (1992) imposing sanctions in relation to Somalia in response to the deterioration of the conflict in Somalia, the heavy loss of life and the widespread material damage resulting from the conflict, which the Security Council considered a threat to international peace and security. The sanctions imposed in relation to Somalia have been modified and extended by a number of subsequent UNSC resolutions.

As a consequence, Australian law now prohibits a variety of conduct, see Australia Sanctions


On January 23, 1992, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 733 (1992) imposing an immediate and complete embargo on all deliveries of weapons and military equipment to Somalia in response to the rapid deterioration of the situation in Somalia and the heavy loss of human life and widespread material damage resulting from the conflict in the country. Security Council resolutions 1425 (2002), 1725 (2006), 1744 (2007) and 1772 (2007) subsequently strengthened and created a number of exceptions to the arms embargo. The arms embargo contained in Resolution 733 (1992) and subsequent resolutions was applied in Canada through existing provisions of the Export and Import Permits Act.

On November 20, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1844 (2008) imposing additional sanctions against Somalia in response to the acts of violence in Somalia and the increase in acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea against vessels off the coast of Somalia.

The Regulations Implementing the United Nations Resolutions on Somalia implement the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law, including the additional sanctions imposed by Resolution 1844 (2008). Implementation of the travel ban imposed by Resolution 1844 (2008) is ensured in Canada under existing provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

The measures imposed against Somalia pursuant to United Nations Security Council resolutions include:

  • a prohibition on the export of arms and related material to any person in Somalia and to persons designated by the UN sanctions committee established to oversee the sanctions against Somalia (the 751 Committee);
  • a prohibition on the provision, to any person in Somalia and to persons designated by the 751 Committee, of technical, financial or other assistance related to military activities or to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms and related material;
  • an assets freeze against persons designated by the 751 Committee; and
  • a travel ban against persons designated by the 751 Committee.

Canada Sanctions

Hong Kong

May 5, 2011 – The Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development has specified an updated list of relevant persons and relevant entities designated under section 30 of the United Nations Sanctions (Somalia) Regulation (Cap. 537 sub. leg. AN). The list was published in the Government Gazette (G.N. 2553 of 2011) on 29 April 2011 and is available on the government’s website eGazette Hong Kong and Hong Kong Sanction – May 5, 2011 (UN Based Sanction)

October 12, 2010 – United Nations Sanctions (Somalia) Regulation Hong Kong Sanctions – UN based sanction.

New Zealand

Article 41 of the United Nations Charter authorises the Security Council to take enforcement measures not involving the use of force in order to give effect to its decisions. These measures often take the form of sanctions. UN Security Council sanctions are binding on all UN member States, including New Zealand, and are implemented in New Zealand law by regulations made under the United Nations Act 1946. All persons and entities in New Zealand, and in many cases New Zealand citizens and companies overseas, must comply with regulations implementing Security Council sanctions. The range of sanctions imposed by the Security Council has included comprehensive economic and trade sanctions as well as more targeted measures such as arms embargoes, travel bans, and financial restrictions. Financial restrictions, otherwise known as an “assets freeze” are one of the most commonly used sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council. New Zealand Sanctions


Nov 26, 2010 – Monetary Authority of Singapore (Sanctions and Freezing of Assets of Persons Somalia) Regulations 2010 Singapore Sanctions – UN based sanctions.



July 05, 2012 – Somalia Designations

The following individuals have been added to OFAC’s SDN list:

  • ABD EL-RAHMAN, Suhayl Salim (a.k.a. ABDURAHAMAN, Suhayl; a.k.a. AL-SUDANI, Abu Faris; a.k.a. FARIS, Abu; a.k.a. MUHAMMAD, Sahib; a.k.a. MUHAMMAD, Suhayl Salim; a.k.a. SALIM, Suhayl; a.k.a. UL-ABIDEEN, Zain; a.k.a. ZAYN, Haytham; a.k.a. “SABA”; a.k.a. “SANA”; a.k.a. “SUNDUS”); DOB 17 Jun 1984; alt. DOB 1990; POB Rabak, Sudan; Passport C0004350; Personal ID Card A00710804 (individual) [SOMALIA].
  • AHMED, Abubaker Shariff (a.k.a. AHMED, Abubakar; a.k.a. AHMED, Abubaker Shariff; a.k.a. AHMED, Sheikh Abubakar; a.k.a. MAKABURI; a.k.a. SHARIFF, Abu Makaburi; a.k.a. SHARIFF, Abubaker), Majengo Area, Mombasa, Kenya; DOB 1962; alt. DOB 1967; POB Kenya; citizen Kenya (individual) [SOMALIA].
  • GOITOM, Taeme Abraham (a.k.a. GEBREDENGEL, Simon; a.k.a. GOITOM, Te’ame; a.k.a. SELASSIE, Ta’ame Abraham; a.k.a. SELASSIE, Te’ame Abraha; a.k.a. SELASSIE, Te’ame Abraham; a.k.a. TA’AME, Abraham Selassie; a.k.a. “DA’AME”; a.k.a. “DHA’AME”; a.k.a. “GAAMEI”; a.k.a. “MEKELE”; a.k.a. “MEKELLE”; a.k.a. “MEQELE”; a.k.a. “TESFALEN”; a.k.a. “TSEGAI”); DOB 1957; alt. DOB 1956; POB Akale Guzay (Shemejena); Diplomatic Passport Laissez-Passer 02154; Colonel; Head of Eritrean External Intelligence Operation; Brigadier General (individual) [SOMALIA].
  • MOHAMMED, Aboud Rogo (a.k.a. MOHAMED, Aboud Rogo; a.k.a. MUHAMMAD, Aboud Rogo; a.k.a. ROGO, Aboud Mohammad; a.k.a. ROGO, Aboud Mohammed; a.k.a. ROGO, Aboud Seif; a.k.a. ROGO, Sheikh Aboud); DOB 11 Nov 1960; alt. DOB 11 Nov 1967; alt. DOB 11 Nov 1969; alt. DOB 01 Jan 1969; POB Kenya; alt. POB Lamu Island, Kenya; citizen Kenya (individual) [SOMALIA].
  • NEGASH, Tewolde Habte (a.k.a. KIDANE, Amanuel; a.k.a. MEHAREN, Senay Beraki; a.k.a. MUSA, Abdirahim; a.k.a. MUSA, Abdirahman; a.k.a. MUSE, Abdirahim; a.k.a. MUSE, Abdirahman; a.k.a. NAGASH, Tewaled Holde; a.k.a. NAGESH, Tewaled Holde; a.k.a. NEGASH, Bitewelde Habte; a.k.a. NEGASH, Emanuel; a.k.a. NEGASH, Ole; a.k.a. NEGASH, Tewelde Habte; a.k.a. NEGASH, Tewold Habte; a.k.a. “DESTA”; a.k.a. “WEDI”); DOB 05 Sep 1960; POB Asmara, Eritrea; Diplomatic Passport D0001060; alt. Diplomatic Passport D000080; Colonel (individual) [SOMALIA].
  • OMAR, Omar Awadh (a.k.a. AWADH, Omar; a.k.a. SAHAL, Omar); DOB 20 Sep 1973; POB Mombasa, Kenya; Passport A764712 (Kenya) expires 27 Mar 2013; alt. Passport B002271 (Kenya); alt. Passport KE007776 expires Aug 2009; Possibly Located in Kenya (individual) [SOMALIA].

OFAC Recent Updates – Somalia

August 04, 2011 – Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Private Relief Efforts in Somalia​ – ​As announced by the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), U.S. agencies are working aggressively to provide urgently-needed humanitarian assistance in Somalia and the Horn of Africa, including in areas in Somalia under the de facto control of al-Shabaab, a terrorist organization that is subject to sanctions by the U.S. and the UN. These frequently asked questions provide guidance to the public regarding making donations toward or undertaking the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

July 29, 2011 – The U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated two key al-Shabaab figures, Omar Hammami and Hassan Mahat Omar pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13536, which targets for sanctions individuals and entities engaging in acts that directly or indirectly threaten the peace, security or stability of Somalia. As a result of today’s action, U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in any transactions with today’s designees and any assets they have under U.S. jurisdiction are frozen. US OFAC Update

June 30, 2011 – Updated OFAC Sanctions 31 CFR Chapter V The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is amending 31 CFR chapter V to replace the list of persons (which includes individuals and entities) with whom transactions and dealings are prohibited by the various economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC that appears at Appendix A to 31 CFR chapter V with information on how to obtain up-to-date lists of such persons on OFAC’s Web site or by other means.

OFAC also is removing Appendix B to 31 CFR chapter V, which includes the names of certain blocked vessels. In addition, OFAC is amending its regulations for a number of the sanctions programs it administers to revise references to Appendix A and to remove references to Appendix B.

Finally, OFAC is amending the Iranian Transactions Regulations, by republishing in alphabetical order the entire list of persons identified in Appendix A to 31 CFR Part 560, to reflect changes to the list since that appendix was last published. Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 126 / Thursday, June 30, 2011 / Rules and Regulations

551 – SOMALIA – SDN List + Additional information pertaining to the SDN List can be found in Appendix A to this chapter. See § 551.406 concerning entities that may not be listed on the SDN List but whose property and interests in property are nevertheless blocked pursuant to this section.

§ 551.406 Entities owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked. A person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to §551.201 has an interest in all property and interests in property of an entity in which it owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest. The property and interests in property of such an entity, therefore, are blocked, and such an entity is a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to §551.201, regardless of whether the entity itself is listed in the Annex or designated pursuant to Executive Order 13536.

Date 05/05/2010 – The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) is issuing regulations with respect to Somalia to implement Executive Order 13536 of April 12, 2010. OFAC intends to supplement this part 551 with a more comprehensive set of regulations, which may include additional interpretive and definitional guidance and additional general licenses and statements of licensing policy.

Prohibits transactions involving new investment in Somalia, interest bearing; prohibits transactions involving the transfer of funds or the provision of financial services from the US or by US persons.

Several people and organizations have been designated and banned by OFAC, including there worldwide branches.

OFAC Sanction

US Foreign Terrorist Organizations

September 28, 2012 – Delisting of the Mujahedin-e Khalq – The Secretary of State has decided, consistent with the law, to revoke the designation of the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) and its aliases as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under the Immigration and Nationality Act and to delist the MEK as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under Executive Order 13224. These actions are effective today. Property and interests in property in the United States or within the possession or control of U.S. persons will no longer be blocked, and U.S. entities may engage in transactions with the MEK without obtaining a license. These actions will be published in the Federal Register.

With today’s actions, the Department does not overlook or forget the MEK’s past acts of terrorism, including its involvement in the killing of U.S. citizens in Iran in the 1970s and an attack on U.S. soil in 1992. The Department also has serious concerns about the MEK as an organization, particularly with regard to allegations of abuse committed against its own members.

The Secretary’s decision today took into account the MEK’s public renunciation of violence, the absence of confirmed acts of terrorism by the MEK for more than a decade, and their cooperation in the peaceful closure of Camp Ashraf, their historic paramilitary base.

The United States has consistently maintained a humanitarian interest in seeking the safe, secure, and humane resolution of the situation at Camp Ashraf, as well as in supporting the United Nations-led efforts to relocate eligible former Ashraf residents outside of Iraq.

US Department of State Press Release & OFAC Resource Center

September 21, 2012 – U.S. to remove Iran group (Mujahedin-e Khalq) from terror list, officials say WaPo News Item

Augustus 30, 2012 – Anti-Terrorism Designations (SDGT) – US designates eight Lashkar-e-Taiba leaders as terrorists, places sanctions

LET was designated by the Department of State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and under E.O. 13224 as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity in December 2001. LET was added to the UN 1267/1989 Committee’s Consolidated List – its list of sanctioned terrorists – in May 2005.

Despite being banned by the Government of Pakistan in January 2002, LET continues to operate in Pakistan and throughout the region and engage in or support terrorist activities worldwide. LET has conducted numerous terrorist acts against Pakistani, Indian, Afghan, and U.S. interests and is responsible for the November 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed more than 160 people, including six Americans, and the July 2006 Mumbai train bombings that killed more than 180 people.

All of the individuals designated today pursuant to E.O. 13224 were designated for acting on behalf of or providing support either to LET itself or to previously designated members of LET. Today’s action prohibits U.S. persons from engaging in any transactions with these individuals and freezes any assets the designees have under U.S. jurisdiction.

The following individuals have been added to OFAC’s SDN List:

  • HAMZA, Amir (a.k.a. HAMZA, Maulana Ameer), Jamia Masjid, al Qadsia, Chauburji Chowk, Lahore, Pakistan; DOB 10 May 1959; POB Sheikhupura, Punjab Province, Pakistan; citizen Pakistan; Passport AB6217491 issued 01 Jun 2006 expires 01 Jun 2011; National ID No. 3520149847497 (Pakistan) (individual) [SDGT].
  • MIR, Sajjid (a.k.a. CHAUDARY, Sajid Majeed; a.k.a. CHUHDRI, Sajid Majid; a.k.a. MAJEED, Sajid; a.k.a. MAJID, Sajid; a.k.a. MAJID, Sajjid; a.k.a. MIR, Sajid); DOB 31 Jan 1976; alt. DOB 01 Jan 1978; POB Lahore, Pakistan; nationality Pakistan; Passport KE381676 (Pakistan) issued 14 Oct 2004; National ID No. 3520163573447 (Pakistan) (individual) [SDGT].
  • MUJAHID, Abdullah (a.k.a. ABDALLAH, Abu), Mohallah Markaz Tayyeba Street, Muridke, Lahore, Pakistan; DOB 15 May 1970; POB Bhalwal, Sargodha District, Punjab Province, Pakistan; citizen Pakistan; Passport DM1074371 (Pakistan) issued 30 May 2009 expires 29 May 2014; National ID No. 3540118204373 (Pakistan) (individual) [SDGT].
  • MUNTAZIR, Abdullah (a.k.a. KHAN, Abdullah; a.k.a. MUNTAZER, Abdullah); DOB 17 Jan 1974; POB Abbottabad, Pakistan; National ID No. 3520203526763 (Pakistan) (individual) [SDGT].
  • SAEED, Talha (a.k.a. SAEED, Hafiz Talha; a.k.a. SAEED, Mohammad Talha; a.k.a. SAEED, Tahil), 116-E Block, Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan; DOB 25 Oct 1975; POB Sarghoda, Punjab Province, Pakistan; Passport BM5971331 (Pakistan) issued 24 Mar 2007 expires 22 Mar 2012 (individual) [SDGT].
  • SHEIKH, Qari Muhammad Yaqoob (a.k.a. SHEIKH, Qari Muhammad Yaqub; a.k.a. YAQOOB, Mohammad; a.k.a. YAQOOB, Qari Shaikh Muhammad); DOB 20 Dec 1972; POB Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan; Passport BX5192361 (Pakistan) issued 04 Aug 2007 expires 02 Aug 2012; National ID No. 3120128002365 (Pakistan) (individual) [SDGT].
  • WALID, Hafiz Khalid (a.k.a. NAIK, Khalid; a.k.a. WALEED, Khalid); DOB 25 Oct 1974; alt. DOB 1971; POB Lahore, Pakistan; citizen Pakistan; Passport AA9967331 (Pakistan) issued 03 Jun 2006 expires 02 Jun 2011; National ID No. 3410104067339 (Pakistan) (individual) [SDGT].
  • YAQUB, Ahmed (a.k.a. GHANI, Hamad; a.k.a. YAKOOB, Mohammad); DOB 1966; alt. DOB 1967; POB Faisalabad, Pakistan; alt. POB Jeda Walah, Punjab Province, Pakistan (individual) [SDGT].

OFAC Recent Actions

May 24, 2012 – Terrorist Designations of the Abdallah Azzam Brigades

The Department of State designated the Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224. The Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB), a militant organization based in both Lebanon and the Arabian Peninsula, was formed in 2009. AAB is led by Saleh al-Qar’awi, who was designated by the Department of State under E.O. 13224. The Department of State also designated AAB’s bomb maker, Abu Jabal, under E.O. 13224 on November 22, 2011.

AAB carried out a July 2010 attack on the Japanese-owned oil tanker M/V M.Star in the Strait of Hormuz. According to a statement released online, AAB claimed that the attack was carried out by its Arabian Peninsula Branch, which calls itself the Yusuf al-’Uyayri Battalions of the Abdullah Azzam Brigades. AAB has repeatedly articulated its intent to carry out attacks against Western interests in the Middle East. In 2010, for instance, the group expressed an interest in kidnapping U.S. and British tourists in the Arabian Peninsula.

In addition, AAB is responsible for numerous indiscriminate rocket attacks on Israeli civilians. These attacks, which have been launched from within Lebanon by the Ziyad al-Jarrah Battalions of the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, have targeted population centers in northern Israel.

The consequences of these designations include a prohibition against knowingly providing material support or resources to, or engaging in transactions with, the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, and the freezing of all property and interest in property of the organization that are in the United States, or come within the United States, or the control of U.S. persons. The Department of State took these actions in consultation with the Departments of Justice and Treasury.

US Department of State Press Release

June 18, 2011 – Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO) are foreign organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended. FTO designations play a critical role in our fight against terrorism and are an effective means of curtailing support for terrorist activities and pressuring groups to get out of the terrorism business.

  • Al-Shabaab aka Harakat Al-Shabaab al-Mujahidin aka al-Shabab aka Al-Shabaab aka the Youth aka Mujahidin al-Shabaab Movement aka Mujahideen Youth Movement aka Mujahidin Youth Movement

More information on the US FTO page.


ITAR Based sanctions, see chapter on ITAR for more detailed information

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