Iraq

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UN

June 28, 2013 - UN Security Council eases some sanctions on Iraq over 1990 invasion of Kuwait

27 June 2013 – Welcoming progress on resolving pending issues from Iraq’s 1990 invasion of its smaller neighbour Kuwait, including finding Kuwaiti or third-country nationals, the United Nations Security Council today eased some of its sanctions against Iraq.

Unanimously adopting a new resolution, the Council called on the Iraqi Government to continue searching for Kuwaiti nationals and property missing since Saddam Hussein’s 1990 invasion, but terminated provisions in earlier texts that allowed the military enforcement of the measures under Charter VII of the UN Charter.

Recognizing that the situation that now exists in Iraq is significantly different from that which existed at the time of the invasion, the Council decided that the issues of missing people and property will now be handled under Chapter VI of the Charter, which calls for a peaceful resolution of disputes.

Another key provision of the new resolution is the Council’s decision to transfer the mandate formerly assigned to the High-Level Coordinator for Iraq-Kuwait Missing Persons and Property to the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI).

Paragraph 14 of resolution 1284 (1999) requested the appointment of a High-Level Coordinator to report to the Security Council regularly on “compliance by Iraq with its obligations regarding the repatriation or return of all Kuwaiti and third country nationals or their remains” and “the return of all Kuwaiti property, including archives, seized by Iraq.”

The new resolution terminates that measure and in turn calls on the head of UNAMI to “promote, support and facilitate efforts regarding the repatriation or return of all Kuwaiti and third country nationals or their remains, and the return of Kuwaiti property, including the national archives, seized by Iraq.”

Further, the resolution also requests that Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon consider designating the deputy chief of UNAMI covering political affairs “with the responsibility for overseeing these issues and ensuring appropriate resources for this purpose.”

Immediately following the action in the Council chamber, Hoshyar Zebari, the Foreign Minister of Iraq, who had attended the meeting, hailed the decision as an “historic landmark” in relations between his country and Kuwait.

He told reporters that the resolution was making “Chapter VII a thing of the past and… concentrating on the present and the future.” Both countries were cooperating in good faith and managed to close all the files on Chapter VII issues.

He added that such cooperation, culminating in the Council’s decision today, could serve not only as “a new beginning for relations between our two brotherly countries,” but also as an example to other nations seeking to settle disputes peacefully.

In the aftermath of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, the Council established the UN Compensation Commission (UNCC), which settles the damage claims of those who suffered losses in the invasion.

As of January of this year, the Commission has disbursed some $40.1 billion for more than 1.5 million successful claims of individuals, corporations, Governments and international organizations, leaving some $12.3 billion remaining to be paid.

UN Press Release


On 2 June 2011 the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee established pursuant to Resolution 1518 (2003) removed two individuals from the UN list maintained under Resolution 1483 (2003).


UNSCR 1546 (2004) - June 8, 2004 - Condemns all acts of terrorism in Iraq, reaffirms the obligations of Member States under resolutions 1373 (2001) of 28 September 2001, 1267 (1999) of 15 October 1999, 1333 (2000) of 19 December 2000, 1390 (2002) of 16 January 2002, 1455 (2003) of 17 January 2003, and 1526 (2004) of 30 January 2004, and other relevant international obligations with respect, inter alia, to terrorist activities in and from Iraq or against its citizens, and specifically reiterates its call upon Member States to prevent the transit of terrorists to and from Iraq, arms for terrorists, and financing that would support terrorists, and re-emphasizes the importance of strengthening the cooperation of the countries of the region, particularly neighbours of Iraq, in this regard. UNSCR 1546 (2004)


UN SCR 1518 (2003) - November 24, 2003 - Recalling further its earlier decision in resolution 1483 (2003) of 22 May 2003 to terminate the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 661 (1990). Stressing the importance of all Member States fulfilling their obligations under paragraph 10 of resolution 1483 (2003). Determining that the situation in Iraq, although improved, continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security. UNSCR 1518 (2003)


UN 1483 (2003) - May 22, 2003 - Decides that all Member States in which there are:

Shall freeze without delay those funds or other financial assets or economic resources and, unless these funds or other financial assets or economic resources are themselves the subject of a prior judicial, administrative, or arbitral lien or judgement, immediately shall cause their transfer to the Development Fund for Iraq, it being understood that, unless otherwise addressed, claims made by private individuals or non-government entities on those transferred funds or other financial assets may be presented to the internationally recognized, representative government of Iraq; and decides further that all such funds or other financial assets or economic resources shall enjoy the same privileges, immunities, and protections as provided. UNSCR 1483 (2003)


UNSCR 661 (1990) - August 6, 1990 - Situtation Iraq-Kuwait - UNSCR 661 (1990)

EU

February 03, 2012 - Implementing Regulation (EU) No 88/2012, amending ANNEX IV to EU regulation No 1210/2003 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities relating to Iraq.

DELETION The following natural persons, bodies or entities shall be removed from Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 1210/2003:


January 31, 2013 - Council Regulation (EU) No 85/2013 of 31 January 2013 amending Regulation (EC) No 1210/2003 concerning certain specific restrictions on economic and financial relations with Iraq.

Amendment: In all other circumstances, funds, economic resources and proceeds of economic resources frozen pursuant to Article 4 shall only be unfrozen for the purpose of their transfer to the successor arrangements to the Development Fund for Iraq put in place by the Government of Iraq under the conditions set out in UNSC Resolutions 1483 (2003) and 1956 (2010)


EU (Foreign) Terrorist Organizations

July 18, 2011 - The EU Council has concluded that the following groups and entities listed have been involved in terrorist acts within the meaning of Article 1(2) and (3) of Common Position 2001/931/CFSP, that a decision has been taken with respect to them by a competent authority within the meaning of Article 1(4) of that Common Position, and that they should continue to be subject to the specific restrictive measures provided for therein.

More information on the EU FTO page.

NL

Dutch Sanction Law 1977 – Iraq 2004 & Iraq 2004 II

UK

March 08, 2013 - General Notice of Revocation of Final Designation

UK Sanctions


February 21, 2013 - Council Regulation (EU) No 85/2013 of 31 January 2013 amending Regulation (EC) No 1210/2003 concerning certain specific restrictions on economic and financial relations with Iraq.

Amendment: In all other circumstances, funds, economic resources and proceeds of economic resources frozen pursuant to Article 4 shall only be unfrozen for the purpose of their transfer to the successor arrangements to the Development Fund for Iraq put in place by the Government of Iraq under the conditions set out in UNSC Resolutions 1483 (2003) and 1956 (2010)

UK-EU Sanctions


February 03, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 88/2012, amending ANNEX IV to EU regulation No 1210/2003 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities relating to Iraq.

DELETION The following natural persons, bodies or entities shall be removed from Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 1210/2003:

UK-EU Sanctions


July 25, 2011 - On 2 June 2011 the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee established pursuant to Resolution 1518 (2003) removed two individuals from the UN list maintained under Resolution 1483 (2003).

UK Sanctions


The UN Security Council imposed sanctions against the Republic of Iraq in August 1990 following Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.

UN Security Council Resolution 1483 (2003) of 22 May 2003, amongst other matters, lifted all trade sanctions against Iraq except for the arms embargo; replaced the existing assets freeze with a freeze targeted at all Government of Iraq funds and all funds belonging to Saddam Hussein, senior members of his regime and their immediate family members; and required that such funds be transferred to the Development Fund for Iraq.

UK Sanctions

Swiss

June 26, 2013 - Verordnung über die Einziehung eingefrorener irakischer Gelder und wirtschaftlicher Ressourcen und deren Überweisung an den Development Fund for Iraq

Swiss Sanctions


May 09, 2012 - Delisting of natural persons - Diese Änderung tritt am 14. Mai 2012 in Kraft.

Die Einträge (72), (73) und (82) unter «Natürliche Personen» wurden gestrichen

Swiss Sanctions


August 07, 1990 - Wirtschaftsmassnahmen gegenüber der Republik Irak

Die Verordnung vom 07.08.1990 über Wirtschaftsmassnahmen gegenüber der Republik Irak setzt die vom UNO-Sicherheitsrat gegenüber der Republik Irak getroffenen Massnahmen um. Das internationale Sanktionsregime gegenüber Irak wurde in der Vergangenheit verschiedene Male angepasst, zuletzt mit der Resolution 1483 (2003) vom 22.05.2003.

Swiss Sanctions

Australia

On 15 December 2010 the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 1957 (2010) terminating the weapons of mass destruction, missile, and civil nuclear-related measures imposed by paragraphs 8, 9, 10, 12 and 13 of resolution 687 (1991) and paragraph 3(f) of resolution 707 (1991), and as reaffirmed in subsequent relevant resolutions. On the same date the UNSC also adopted resolution 1956 (2010) terminating after 30 June 2011, the requirement in paragraph 20 of UNSC resolution 1483 (2003), that all proceeds from export sales of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas from Iraq be deposited into the Development Fund for Iraq.

Although the UNSC has brought to an end a number of measures adopted during the Saddam Hussein era, it has not removed all sanctions in relation to Iraq.

As a consequence, Australian law continues to prohibit a variety of conduct (see website)

Australia Sactions

Canada

On August 6, 1990, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 661 imposing comprehensive sanctions on the regime of Saddam Hussein in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990. These sanctions were implemented in Canada through the United Nations Iraq Regulations (SOR/90-531). Most sanctions against Iraq were lifted by the adoption of Resolution 1483 on May 22, 2003, with the exception of an embargo against weapons and a prohibition on dealing in stolen Iraqi cultural property. The sanctions regime has subsequently been modified by additional resolutions, including Resolutions 1511 (2003), 1518 (2003) and 1546 (2004). The United Nations Iraq Regulations (SOR/90-531) were repealed when new regulations, also entitled the United Nations Iraq Regulations (SOR/2003-221), were made to implement these decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law.

Canada Sanctions

US

OFAC

May 27, 2014 - Issuance of New Iraq-Related Executive Order

The President signed an Executive Order (E.O.), “Ending Immunities Granted to the Development Fund for Iraq and Certain Other Iraqi Property and Interests in Property Pursuant to Executive Order 13303, as Amended,” terminating the prohibitions contained in Executive Order 13303 of May 22, 2003, as amended, on any attachment, judgment, decree, lien, execution, garnishment, or other judicial process with respect to the Development Fund for Iraq and Iraqi petroleum, petroleum products, and interests therein, and the accounts, assets, investments, and other property of the Central Bank of Iraq. The E.O. does not otherwise affect the national emergency declared in Executive Order 13303, as expanded in scope by Executive Order 13315 of August 28, 2003, which remains in place and continues as the basis for certain sanctions on the former Iraqi regime, its senior officials and their family members, and designated persons who threaten stabilization efforts in Iraq.


January 03, 2013 - Iraq Designation Removals

The following deletions have been made to OFAC's SDN List:

On 12 June 1991 Mr Ali Daghir and Mrs Jeanine Speckman were convicted of conspiracy to export from the United Kingdom to Iraq 40 electrical capacitors alleged to be specially designed for use in a nuclear warhead. They were sentenced to terms of imprisonment. On 25 May 1994 Mr Daghir’s and Mrs Speckman’s appeal against conviction was allowed on the ground of a material misdirection by the trial judge in his summing-up to the jury.

The two defendants were officers of Euromac (London) Ltd. Euromac was a wholly owned Iraqi company registered in the UK and trading as a general sales company for goods, mainly heating and ventilation equipment, for export to Iraq. Mr Daghir was Euromac’s managing director. He was an Iraqi and a UK citizen. Mrs Jeanine Speckman was Euromac’s export executive. She was responsible for “Customs documentation and arrangement of shipment of items ordered by the Iraqis [from Euromac] and was “from early 1989, heavily involved in assisting the Iraqis in making arrangements for the design and manufacture of the capacitors and their export under the direction of Mr Daghir.” Mr Toufic Amyuni was Euromac’s sales manager and consultant. He held a Lebanese and a United States passport. He was a co-defendant at the trial but was acquitted by the jury.

Prior to 1989, Euromac had been the subject of an undercover investigation by US Customs Service and, since 1989, also by Customs ID. Euromac and its personnel were suspected of planning the exportation from the United States to Iraq, via the UK, of forty electrical capacitors specially designed for use in the firing set of nuclear weapons. Source: Iraq Watch

OFAC Recent Actions


July 17, 2012 - Iraq Designation Removals - The following deletions have been made to OFAC's SDN list:

<sort> ALFA COMPANY LIMITED FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND MARKETING (a.k.a. ALFA INVESTMENT AND INTERNATIONAL TRADING COMPANY; a.k.a. ALFA TRADING COMPANY), P.O. Box 910606, Amman 11191, Jordan [IRAQ2]. ALFA INVESTMENT AND INTERNATIONAL TRADING COMPANY (a.k.a. ALFA COMPANY LIMITED FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND MARKETING; a.k.a. ALFA TRADING COMPANY), P.O. Box 910606, Amman 11191, Jordan [IRAQ2]. ALFA TRADING COMPANY (a.k.a. ALFA COMPANY LIMITED FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND MARKETING; a.k.a. ALFA INVESTMENT AND INTERNATIONAL TRADING COMPANY), P.O. Box 910606, Amman 11191, Jordan [IRAQ2]. KARAM, Nabil Victor, c/o ALFA COMPANY LIMITED FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND MARKETING, P.O. Box 212953, Amman 11121, Jordan; c/o ALFA COMPANY LIMITED FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADING AND MARKETING, P.O. Box 910606, Amman 11191, Jordan; c/o TRADING AND TRANSPORT SERVICES, Al-Razi Medical Complex, Jabal Al-Hussein, Amman, Jordan; c/o TRADING AND TRANSPORT SERVICES, P.O. Box 212953, Amman 11121, Jordan; c/o TRADING AND TRANSPORT SERVICES, P.O. Box 910606, Amman 11191, Jordan; DOB 1954; nationality Lebanon (individual) [IRAQ2]. TRADING AND TRANSPORT SERVICES COMPANY, LTD., Al-Razi Medical Complex, Jabal Al-Hussein, Amman, Jordan; P.O. Box 212953, Amman 11121, Jordan; P.O. Box 910606, Amman 11191, Jordan [IRAQ2]. </sort> OFAC Recent Actions - July 17, 2012


October 13, 2011 - The following deletion has been made to OFAC's SDN list - DOMINION INTERNATIONAL, United Kingdom (IRAQ2)


June 30, 2011 - Updated OFAC Sanctions 31 CFR Chapter V The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is amending 31 CFR chapter V to replace the list of persons (which includes individuals and entities) with whom transactions and dealings are prohibited by the various economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC that appears at Appendix A to 31 CFR chapter V with information on how to obtain up-to-date lists of such persons on OFAC’s Web site or by other means.

OFAC also is removing Appendix B to 31 CFR chapter V, which includes the names of certain blocked vessels. In addition, OFAC is amending its regulations for a number of the sanctions programs it administers to revise references to Appendix A and to remove references to Appendix B.

Finally, OFAC is amending the Iranian Transactions Regulations, by republishing in alphabetical order the entire list of persons identified in Appendix A to 31 CFR Part 560, to reflect changes to the list since that appendix was last published. Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 126 / Thursday, June 30, 2011 / Rules and Regulations

576 - IRAQ – SDN List + Additional information pertaining to the SDN List can be found in Appendix A to this chapter. See § 576.412 concerning entities that may not be listed on the SDN List but whose property and interests in property are nevertheless blocked pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section.

§ 576.412 Entities owned by a person whose property and interests in property are blocked. A person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to §576.201(a) has an interest in all property and interests in property of an entity in which it owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest. The property and interests in property of such an entity, therefore, are blocked, and such an entity is a person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to §576.201(a), regardless of whether the entity itself is listed in the Annex to Executive Order 13315, as amended, or designated pursuant to §576.201(a)(2) or (3).


May 26, 2011 - Removed from OFAC SDN list - RICKS, Roy, 87 St. Mary's Frice, Benfleet, Essex, United Kingdom (individual) [IRAQ2]


On September 13, 2010, the Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") removed the Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 C.F.R. Part 575, from 31 C.F.R. chapter V, and added the Iraq Stabilization and Insurgency Sanctions Regulations ("ISISR") as new part 576 to 31 C.F.R. chapter V. The ISISR implement Executive Order 13303 of May 22, 2003, Executive Order 13315 of August 28, 2003, Executive Order 13350 of July 29, 2004, Executive Order 13364 of November 29, 2004, and Executive Order 13438 of July 17, 2007.

Several banks have been designated and banned by OFAC, including there worldwide branches

The Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury (‘‘OFAC’’) is amending the Terrorism List Governments Sanctions Regulations so that the schedule to which a prohibition section refers lists those countries that are currently designated as supporting international terrorism, instead of the countries that were designated as of the effective date of these regulations.

DATES: Effective Date: May 18, 2009

OFAC Sanction

US Foreign Terrorist Organizations

September 28, 2012 - Delisting of the Mujahedin-e Khalq - The Secretary of State has decided, consistent with the law, to revoke the designation of the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) and its aliases as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under the Immigration and Nationality Act and to delist the MEK as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under Executive Order 13224. These actions are effective today. Property and interests in property in the United States or within the possession or control of U.S. persons will no longer be blocked, and U.S. entities may engage in transactions with the MEK without obtaining a license. These actions will be published in the Federal Register.

With today’s actions, the Department does not overlook or forget the MEK’s past acts of terrorism, including its involvement in the killing of U.S. citizens in Iran in the 1970s and an attack on U.S. soil in 1992. The Department also has serious concerns about the MEK as an organization, particularly with regard to allegations of abuse committed against its own members.

The Secretary’s decision today took into account the MEK’s public renunciation of violence, the absence of confirmed acts of terrorism by the MEK for more than a decade, and their cooperation in the peaceful closure of Camp Ashraf, their historic paramilitary base.

The United States has consistently maintained a humanitarian interest in seeking the safe, secure, and humane resolution of the situation at Camp Ashraf, as well as in supporting the United Nations-led efforts to relocate eligible former Ashraf residents outside of Iraq.

US Department of State Press Release & OFAC Resource Center


September 21, 2012 - U.S. to remove Iran group (Mujahedin-e Khalq) from terror list, officials say WaPo News Item


Augustus 30, 2012 - Anti-Terrorism Designations (SDGT) - US designates eight Lashkar-e-Taiba leaders as terrorists, places sanctions

LET was designated by the Department of State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and under E.O. 13224 as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity in December 2001. LET was added to the UN 1267/1989 Committee's Consolidated List – its list of sanctioned terrorists – in May 2005.

Despite being banned by the Government of Pakistan in January 2002, LET continues to operate in Pakistan and throughout the region and engage in or support terrorist activities worldwide. LET has conducted numerous terrorist acts against Pakistani, Indian, Afghan, and U.S. interests and is responsible for the November 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed more than 160 people, including six Americans, and the July 2006 Mumbai train bombings that killed more than 180 people.

All of the individuals designated today pursuant to E.O. 13224 were designated for acting on behalf of or providing support either to LET itself or to previously designated members of LET. Today’s action prohibits U.S. persons from engaging in any transactions with these individuals and freezes any assets the designees have under U.S. jurisdiction.

The following individuals have been added to OFAC's SDN List:

OFAC Recent Actions


May 24, 2012 - Terrorist Designations of the Abdallah Azzam Brigades

The Department of State designated the Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224. The Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB), a militant organization based in both Lebanon and the Arabian Peninsula, was formed in 2009. AAB is led by Saleh al-Qar’awi, who was designated by the Department of State under E.O. 13224. The Department of State also designated AAB’s bomb maker, Abu Jabal, under E.O. 13224 on November 22, 2011.

AAB carried out a July 2010 attack on the Japanese-owned oil tanker M/V M.Star in the Strait of Hormuz. According to a statement released online, AAB claimed that the attack was carried out by its Arabian Peninsula Branch, which calls itself the Yusuf al-’Uyayri Battalions of the Abdullah Azzam Brigades. AAB has repeatedly articulated its intent to carry out attacks against Western interests in the Middle East. In 2010, for instance, the group expressed an interest in kidnapping U.S. and British tourists in the Arabian Peninsula.

In addition, AAB is responsible for numerous indiscriminate rocket attacks on Israeli civilians. These attacks, which have been launched from within Lebanon by the Ziyad al-Jarrah Battalions of the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, have targeted population centers in northern Israel.

The consequences of these designations include a prohibition against knowingly providing material support or resources to, or engaging in transactions with, the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, and the freezing of all property and interest in property of the organization that are in the United States, or come within the United States, or the control of U.S. persons. The Department of State took these actions in consultation with the Departments of Justice and Treasury.

US Department of State Press Release


June 18, 2011 - Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO) are foreign organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended. FTO designations play a critical role in our fight against terrorism and are an effective means of curtailing support for terrorist activities and pressuring groups to get out of the terrorism business.

More information on the US FTO page.

ITAR

ITAR Based sanctions, see chapter on ITAR for more detailed information



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