Liberia

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Contents

UN

May 30, 2012 - Charles Taylor sentenced to 50 years in prison for war crimes - Judge at court in The Hague says ex-Liberia president's crimes were of the 'utmost gravity in scale and brutality'

Guardian News Item & HRW Press Release


May 25, 2012 - The Prosecutor v. Charles Ghankay Taylor – Chronology of the case at the Special Court for Sierra Leone

(Source: HRW)


December 15, 2011 - Security Council extends mandate of panel of experts on sanctions on Liberia for one year.

The Security Council extended the mandate of a United Nations panel of experts monitoring compliance with sanctions imposed on Liberia in connection with the country’s civil war, noting a lack of progress in the implementation of financial measures stipulated in the sanctions regime.

The Panel of Experts was appointed by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in July 2007 to renew investigations on whether the sanctions were being enforced in the light of allegations that former president Charles Taylor still had access to considerable wealth in the country.

In today’s resolution, the Council decided to extend the mandate of the panel for a period of 12 months.

The panel will conduct two follow-up assessment missions to Liberia and neighboring States to investigate and compile a mid-term and a final report on the implementation and any violations of the sanctions measures on arms.

It will also assess the impact, effectiveness and continued need for the sanctions measures related to Mr. Taylor’s assets. The panel will identify and make recommendations on areas where Liberia’s capacity and States in the region can be strengthened to facilitate the implementation of the sanctions.

The Council also authorized the panel – within the context of Liberia’s evolving legal framework – to assess the extent to which forests and other natural resources are contributing to peace, security and development instead of instability.

The panel will also look into how the relevant legislation and other reform efforts are contributing to the transition, and provide recommendations on how Liberia’s natural resources could better contribute to the country’s progress towards sustainable peace and stability.

The UN body asked the panel to cooperate actively with the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme – an international initiative of governments, industry and civil society to stem the flow of conflict diamonds – and to assess the Liberian Government’s compliance with the certification scheme.

It required the panel to provide a mid-term report to the Council through the Liberia sanctions committee by 1 June next year and a final report by 1 December 2012.

The Council requested the panel to cooperate actively with other relevant panels of experts, in particular similar panels on Côte d’Ivoire and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

The panel was also required to assist the sanctions committee in updating the publicly available reasons for listing for entries on the travel ban and assets freeze lists, according to the resolution.

The Council requested the Secretary-General to reappoint the panel of experts and to make the necessary financial and security arrangements to support its work.

Meanwhile, the Council also heard briefings from four chairs of its committees, including Ambassador Nawaf Salam on the situation in Liberia, and Maria Luisa Ribeiro Viotti of Brazil, who chairs the sanctions committees on the DRC and Côte d’Ivoire.

It also heard from Ambassador Noël Nelson Messone of Gabon on Lebanon, while Ivan Barbalic of Bosnia and Herzegovina briefed on the Informal Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Questions of the Security Council.

UN News Centre



ECOWAS

November 01, 1998 – The Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS) declared a moratorium on the import, export and manufacture of light weapons. The Moratorium applies to pistols, rifles, shotguns, sub-machine guns, carbines, machine guns, anti-tank missiles, mortars and howitzers up to 85mm and ammunition and spare parts for the above. A Code of Conduct on its implementation was agreed on 24 March 1999.

Exceptions to the Moratorium may be granted where the goods are to meet legitimate security needs.

There are three exceptions to the Moratorium as follows:

The ECOWAS Moratorium applies to all states in ECOWAS:

EU

March 26, 2013 - Implementing Regulation (EU) No 291/2013 of 26 March 2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 concerning further restrictive measures in relation to Liberia


January 9, 2013 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 9/2013 of 9 January 2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 concerning further restrictive measures in relation to Liberia

The following natural person shall be removed:


August 27, 2012 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 777/2012 of 27 August 2012 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 concerning further restrictive measures in relation to Liberia.

The following natural persons shall be removed: ‘Leonid Yukhimovich Minin (alias (a) Blavstein, (b) Blyuvshtein, (c) Blyafshtein, (d) Bluvshtein, (e) Blyufshtein, (f) Vladamir Abramovich Kerler (g) Vladimir Abramovich Kerler, (h) Vladimir Abramovich Popilo-Veski (i) Vladimir Abramovich Popiloveski, (j) Vladimir Abramovich Popela, (k) Vladimir Abramovich Popelo, (l) Wulf Breslan, (m) Igor Osols). Date of birth: (a) 14.12.1947, (b) 18.10.1946. Place of birth: Odessa, USSR (now Ukraine). Nationality: Israeli. Forged German passports (name: Minin): (a) 5280007248D, (b) 18106739D. Israeli passports: (a) 6019832 (valid 6.11.1994 to 5.11.1999), (b) 9001689 (valid 23.1.1997 to 22.1.2002), (c) 90109052 (issued on 26.11.1997). Russian passport: KI0861177; Bolivian passport: 65118; Greek passport: no details. Other information: owner of Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprises.’ ‘Valeriy Naydo (alias Valerii Naido). Address: c/o CET Aviation, P.O. Box 932-20C, Ajman, United Arab Emirates. Date of birth: 10.8.1957. Nationality: Ukraine. Passport No: (a) AC251295 (Ukraine), (b) KC024178 (Ukraine). Other information: (a) a pilot, (b) one of the directors of Air Pass (Pietersburg Aviation Services and Systems), (c) Chief Executive Officer of CET Aviation.’ ‘Edwin M., Snowe jr. Address: Elwa Road, Monrovia, Liberia. Date of birth: 11.2.1970. Place of birth: Mano River, Grand Cape Mount, Liberia. Nationality: Liberian. Passport number: (a) OR/0056672-01, (b) D/005072, (c) D005640 (diplomatic passport), (d) D-00172 (ECOWAS-DPL Passport, valid 7.8.2008-6.7.2010). Other information: Representative, Liberian House of Representatives. Managing Director of the Liberian Petroleum and Refining Corporation (LPRC). Date of designation referred to in Article 6(b): 10.9.2004.’ ‘Agnes Reeves Taylor (alias Agnes Reeves-Taylor). Date of birth: 27.9.1965. Nationality: Liberian. Other information: former wife of former President Charles Taylor. Former Permanent Representative of Liberia to the International Maritime Organisation; Former Senior Member of the Liberian Government. (c) Currently resident in the United Kingdom.’ ‘Tupee Enid Taylor. Date of birth: (a) 17.12.1960, (b) 17.12.1962. Passports No: (a) L014670 (Liberian passport, valid 28.12.2009-28.12.2014) (b) D/002216 (Liberian diplomatic passport, valid 17.10.2007-17.10.2009). Other information: former wife of former President Charles Taylor’ ‘Jewell Howard Taylor (alias Howard Taylor). Date of birth: 17.1.1963. Liberian diplomatic passport: (a) D/ 003835-04 (valid 4.6.2004 to 3.6.2006), (b) D/00536307. Other information: Wife of former President Charles Taylor.’ ‘Myrtle Francelle Gibson. Date of birth: 3.11.1952. Other information: former Senator, advisor to former Liberian President Charles Taylor.’ ‘Martin George. Other information: (a) Former Ambassador of Liberia to the Federal Republic of Nigeria; (b) Associate of former President Charles Taylor with ongoing ties to him; (c) Alleged to have provided funds to former President Taylor. Date of designation referred to in Article 6(b): 9.6.2005.’ ‘Cyril A. Allen. Date of birth: 26.7.1952. Other information: former Chairman, National Patriotic Party.’ ‘Randolph Cooper (alias Randolf Cooper). Date of birth: 28.10.1950. Other information: former Managing Director of Robertsfield International Airport.’ ‘Reginald B. Goodridge (Senior) (alias Goodrich). Date of Birth: 11.11.1952. Other information: former Minister for Culture, Information, Tourism.’ ‘Emmanuel (II) Shaw. Date of birth: (a) 26.7.1956, (b) 26.7.1946. Other information: director of Lonestar Airways. Associated with Lone Star Communication Cooperation.’


May 31, 2012 - EU statement on the sentencing of Charles Taylor

"Former Liberian President Charles Taylor was sentenced on 30 May 2012 to 50 years in prison for 11 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Sierra Leone. On 26 April, the Special Court had found the ex-head of state guilty of aiding and abetting war crimes and crimes against humanity by supporting rebels in Sierra Leone.

The sentence by the Special Court for Sierra Leone confirms the gravity of the crimes he committed. This legal process, judgement and sentence demonstrate that nobody is above the law. All those who commit crimes against humanity, whether in their own country or another, whether in power or in rebellion, can and will be brought to justice.

This is the least that the victims of such crimes deserve. The EU is firmly committed to international justice and the fight against impunity. It has been a strong supporter of the Special Court for Sierra Leone."

EU Press Release


February 13, 2012 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 116/2012 of 13/02/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities relating to Liberia. Amendment of names.


NL

Dutch Sanction Law 1977 – Liberia 2004 & Liberia 2004 II

UK

March 28, 2013 - Implementing Regulation (EU) No 291/2013 of 26 March 2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 concerning further restrictive measures in relation to Liberia

UK-EU Sanctions


January 11, 2013 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 9/2013 of 9 January 2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 concerning further restrictive measures in relation to Liberia

The following natural person shall be removed:

UK-EU 9-2013


August 29, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 777/2012 of 27 August 2012 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004 concerning further restrictive measures in relation to Liberia.

The following natural persons shall be removed:

UK-EU 777/2012


February 13, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 116/2012 of 13/02/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities relating to Liberia.

UK-EU 116/2012


Concerned that former President Charles Taylor and his associates were actively undermining Liberia’s transition to democracy, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1532 (2004) to freeze the assets of the exiled leader, immediate members of his family and other close allies and associates.

The measures contained in UNSCR 1532 (2004) were implemented in the European Union by the adoption of Council Regulation (EC) No 872/2004.

UK Sanctions

Swiss

January 21, 2014 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 20.01.2014 mit Inkrafttreten am 22.01.2014

Swiss Sanctions


December 19, 2013 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 18.12.2013 mit Inkrafttreten am 20.12.2013

Swiss Sanctions


November 14, 2013 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 13.11.2013 mit Inkrafttreten am 15.11.2013

Swiss Sanctions


October 08, 2013 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 08.10.2013 mit Inkrafttreten am 10.10.2013

Swiss Sanctions


August 14, 2013 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 12.08.2013 mit Inkrafttreten am 14.08.2013 Swiss Sanctions


April 18, 2013 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 17.04.2013 mit Inkrafttreten am 19.04.2013 Swiss Sanctions


October 26, 2012 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Änderung vom 25. Oktober 2012

Removal of names Swiss Sanctions


August 14, 2012 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Diese Änderung tritt am 15. August 2012 in Kraft.

Adding of names Änderung der Verordnung vom 13.08.2012 mit Inkrafttreten am 15.08.2012 Letzte Änderung: 14.08.2012


May 09, 2012 - Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Diese Änderung tritt am 14. Mai 2012 in Kraft.

Mit der Verordnung vom 27.06.2001 über Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia hat der Bundesrat Sanktionen gegenüber diesem Staat erlassen. Damit setzte die Schweiz die Sanktionen um, welche der Sicherheitsrat der Vereinten Nationen mit seiner Resolution 1343 vom 07.03.2001 verhängt hatte. Am 19.01.2005 hat der Bundesrat eine Totalrevision dieser Verordnung beschlossen, welche aufgrund zahlreicher früherer Anpassungen sowie der Sicherheitsrats-Resolution 1579 vom 21.12.2004 notwendig geworden war.

Gegenwärtig bestehen folgende Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia:

Personen und Institutionen, die Gelder halten oder verwalten oder Kenntnisse über wirtschaftliche Ressourcen haben, von denen anzunehmen ist, dass sie von den Finanzsanktionen betroffen sind, müssen dies dem Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO unverzüglich melden.

Änderungen:

Swiss Sanctions (changes) & Swiss Sanctions (information)


January 19, 2005 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia

Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia - Abschnitt Zwangsmassnahmen, Vollzug und Strafbestimmungen, Schlussbestimmungen Swiss Sanctions


June 27, 2001 - Mit der Verordnung vom 27.06.2001 über Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia hat der Bundesrat Sanktionen gegenüber diesem Staat erlassen. Damit setzte die Schweiz die Sanktionen um, welche der Sicherheitsrat der Vereinten Nationen mit seiner Resolution 1343 vom 07.03.2001 verhängt hatte. Am 19.01.2005 hat der Bundesrat eine Totalrevision dieser Verordnung beschlossen, welche aufgrund zahlreicher früherer Anpassungen sowie der Sicherheitsrats-Resolution 1579 vom 21.12.2004 notwendig geworden war. Gegenwärtig bestehen folgende Massnahmen gegenüber Liberia:

Personen und Institutionen, die Gelder halten oder verwalten oder Kenntnisse über wirtschaftliche Ressourcen haben, von denen anzunehmen ist, dass sie von den Finanzsanktionen betroffen sind, müssen dies dem Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO unverzüglich melden.

Swiss Sanctions

Australia

On 22 December 2003 the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) originally adopted resolution 1521 (2003) imposing sanctions in relation to Liberia in response to the fact that the ceasefire and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement remained unimplemented throughout Liberia, and much of the country remained outside the authority of the National Transitional Government of Liberia. The sanctions imposed in relation to Liberia have been modified by a number of subsequent UNSC resolutions, most recently UNSC resolution 1903 (2009). The Security Council considers that, despite significant progress having been made in Liberia, the there continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region.

As a consequence, Australian law now prohibits a variety of conduct (see below)

Australia Sanctions

Canada

On March 7, 2001, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1343 imposing sanctions against Liberia in response to former President Taylor's support for the Revolutionary United Front in Sierra Leone. Additional sanctions were imposed by the adoption of Resolution 1478 (2003) on May 6, 2003. To reflect changing circumstances in Liberia, the sanctions regime was subsequently replaced and revised by the adoption of a number of resolutions, including resolutions 1521 (2003) and 1532 (2004).

The Regulations Implementing the United Nations Resolutions on Liberia, as amended, implement the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law. Implementation of the travel ban imposed by Resolution 1521 (2003) is ensured in Canada under existing provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

Subject to certain exceptions, the measures imposed against Liberia include:

Canada Sanctions

Hong Kong

New Zealand

Article 41 of the United Nations Charter authorises the Security Council to take enforcement measures not involving the use of force in order to give effect to its decisions. These measures often take the form of sanctions. UN Security Council sanctions are binding on all UN member States, including New Zealand, and are implemented in New Zealand law by regulations made under the United Nations Act 1946. All persons and entities in New Zealand, and in many cases New Zealand citizens and companies overseas, must comply with regulations implementing Security Council sanctions. The range of sanctions imposed by the Security Council has included comprehensive economic and trade sanctions as well as more targeted measures such as arms embargoes, travel bans, and financial restrictions. Financial restrictions, otherwise known as an “assets freeze” are one of the most commonly used sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council. New Zealand Sanctions

Singapore

April 26, 2006 - Monetary Authority of Singapore (Freezing of Assets of Former President of Liberia and Connected Persons) Regulations 2004 (s260/2004)(As amended by S 488/2004, S 600/2004, S 384/2005 and S 240/2006) Singapore Sanctions - UN based sanctions.

US

OFAC

April 02, 2013 - Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor Designation Removals

The following deletions have been made to OFAC's SDN List: ALLEN, Cyril; DOB 26 Jul 1952; Former Chairman, National Patriotic Party of Liberia; nationality Liberia; alt. nationality Nigerian (individual) [LIBERIA]. COOPER, Randolph; DOB 28 Oct 1950; Former Managing Director, Roberts International Airport (individual) [LIBERIA]. DUNBAR, Belle Y.; DOB 27 Oct 1967; alt. DOB 27 Oct 1963; Former Managing Director, Liberian Petroleum Refining Company (individual) [LIBERIA]. GIBSON, Myrtle; DOB 03 Nov 1952; Former Liberian Senator; advisor to former President of Liberia Charles Taylor (individual) [LIBERIA]. GOODRIDGE, Reginald B. (a.k.a. GOODRICH, Reginald B. (Senior)); DOB 11 Nov 1952; Sr.; Former Minister for Culture, Information, Tourism of Liberia (individual) [LIBERIA]. GOODRICH, Reginald B. (Senior) (a.k.a. GOODRIDGE, Reginald B.); DOB 11 Nov 1952; Sr.; Former Minister for Culture, Information, Tourism of Liberia (individual) [LIBERIA]. MININ, Leonid (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid (a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BRESLAN, Wolf (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. BRESLAN, Wulf (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. OSOLS, Igor (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. POPILOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich (a.k.a. BLAVSTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYAFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUFSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BLYUVSHTEIN, Leonid; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wolf; a.k.a. BRESLAN, Wulf; a.k.a. KERLER, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. MININ, Leonid; a.k.a. OSOLS, Igor; a.k.a. POPELA, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELAVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELO, Vladimir Abramovich; a.k.a. POPELOVESKI, Vladimir Abramovich); DOB 14 Dec 1947; alt. DOB 18 Oct 1946; nationality Ukraine; Passport 5280007248D (Germany); alt. Passport 18106739D (Germany); alt. Passport 6019832 (Israel) issued 06 Nov 1994 expires 05 Nov 1999; alt. Passport 9001689 (Israel) issued 23 Jan 1997 expires 22 Jan 1999; alt. Passport KI0861177 (Russia); alt. Passport 65118 (Bolivia); alt. Passport 90109052 (Israel) issued 26 Nov 1997; Owner, Exotic Tropical Timber Enterprise (individual) [LIBERIA]. SALAMI, Mohamed Ahmad (a.k.a. SALAME, Mohamed Ahmad); DOB 22 Sep 1961; nationality Lebanon; Owner, Mohamed Group of Companies; former President of Liberia Charles Taylor's informal diplomatic representative (individual) [LIBERIA]. SALAME, Mohamed Ahmad (a.k.a. SALAMI, Mohamed Ahmad); DOB 22 Sep 1961; nationality Lebanon; Owner, Mohamed Group of Companies; former President of Liberia Charles Taylor's informal diplomatic representative (individual) [LIBERIA]. SHAW, Emmanuel (II); DOB 26 Jul 1946; alt. DOB 26 Jul 1956; alt. DOB 29 Jul 1956; Advisor to former President of Liberia Charles Taylor (individual) [LIBERIA]. TAYLOR, Tupee Enid; DOB 17 Dec 1962; Ex-wife of former President of Liberia Charles Taylor (individual) [LIBERIA]. REEVES-TAYLOR, Agnes (a.k.a. TAYLOR, Agnes Reeves; a.k.a. "REEVES-TAYLOR"); DOB 27 Sep 1965; nationality Liberia; Ex-wife of former President of Liberia Charles Taylor; ex-Permanent Representative of Liberia to the International Maritime Organization (individual) [LIBERIA]. "REEVES-TAYLOR" (a.k.a. REEVES-TAYLOR, Agnes; a.k.a. TAYLOR, Agnes Reeves); DOB 27 Sep 1965; nationality Liberia; Ex-wife of former President of Liberia Charles Taylor; ex-Permanent Representative of Liberia to the International Maritime Organization (individual) [LIBERIA]. TAYLOR, Agnes Reeves (a.k.a. REEVES-TAYLOR, Agnes; a.k.a. "REEVES-TAYLOR"); DOB 27 Sep 1965; nationality Liberia; Ex-wife of former President of Liberia Charles Taylor; ex-Permanent Representative of Liberia to the International Maritime Organization (individual) [LIBERIA]. TAYLOR, Jewell Howard; DOB 17 Jan 1963; Wife of former President of Liberia Charles Taylor (individual) [LIBERIA]. NAYDO, Valeriy (a.k.a. NAIDO, Valerii), c/o CET AVIATION, P.O. Box 932 - 20C, Ajman, United Arab Emirates; Equatorial Guinea; DOB 10 Aug 1957; citizen Ukraine; Passport AC251295 (Ukraine); alt. Passport KC024178 (Ukraine) (individual) [LIBERIA]. NAIDO, Valerii (a.k.a. NAYDO, Valeriy), c/o CET AVIATION, P.O. Box 932 - 20C, Ajman, United Arab Emirates; Equatorial Guinea; DOB 10 Aug 1957; citizen Ukraine; Passport AC251295 (Ukraine); alt. Passport KC024178 (Ukraine) (individual) [LIBERIA].

OFAC Recent Actions


Blocking property of certain persons and prohibiting the importation of certain goods from Liberia.

OFAC Sanction

ITAR

ITAR Based sanctions, see chapter on ITAR for more detailed information

OECD Tax Haven

Aug 10, 2011 - This jurisdiction is no longer considered to be a Tax Haven


Jurisdiction that have committed to the internationally agreed tax standard, but have not yet substantially implemented. Still considered to be a Tax Haven.

The internationally agreed tax standard, which was developed by the OECD in co-operation with non-OECD countries and which was endorsed by G20 Finance Ministers at their Berlin Meeting in 2004 and by the UN Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters at its October 2008 Meeting, requires exchange of information on request in all tax matters for the administration and enforcement of domestic tax law without regard to a domestic tax interest requirement or bank secrecy for tax purposes. It also provides for extensive safeguards to protect the confidentiality of the information exchanged

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