Category:Australia Embargoed Countries
From Sanctions Wiki
Australian Sanctions consist of two types
- UN Security Council Sanctions
- Australia's autonomous sanctions
October 25, 2012 - Consolidated list - updated 23 October 2012
The Consolidated List now includes all persons and entities to which the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 and the Autonomous Sanctions Act 2011 currently applies. This follows the transition of Australia's targeted financial sanctions from the Banking (Foreign Exchange) Regulations 1959 to the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011. Australia Sanctions Program
Australia - UN Security Council Sanctions
In situations where the UN Security Council has determined the existence of a threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or an act of aggression, the Charter of the United Nations (the Charter) authorises it to decide on measures to be taken to maintain or restore international peace and security (Charter Article 39). Members of the United Nations are legally bound to accept and carry out these measures (Charter Article 25). Those measures that do not involve the use of armed force are known as "sanctions".
More information on UN Security Council sanctions regarding:
- What measures are imposed as UN Security Council sanctions? What measures are imposed
- How are UN Security Council sanctions implemented in Australia? How are UNSCR Sanctions implemented
- More information on Australia (UN) Sanctions
Australia's autonomous sanctions
On 26 May 2011 the Autonomous Sanctions Act 2011 received Royal Assent having been adopted without amendment on 10 May 2011. The law came into force on June 02, 2011. Regulations to be made under the Act, which will strengthen Australia's autonomous sanctions regime, are currently being drafted.
The Act will apply to laws specified by the Minister for Foreign Affairs as "sanction laws". Such laws can be in regulations to be made under the Act, or can be existing laws under other legislation. There will be public consultation on regulations to be made under the Act. These consultations will be announced on the DFAT website.
Background to the Act of 2011 - Autonomous sanctions are a key aspect of Australian diplomacy. Australia is one of a number of countries which seeks positive change around the world by supplementing United Nations Security Council sanctions and stepping in when the Security Council is unable to act.
The Australian Government currently implements autonomous sanctions, including targeted financial sanctions – through a range of legislative instruments. The Autonomous Sanctions Act creates a legislative framework for Australia's autonomous sanctions measures.
- The Act gives Australia greater scope and flexibility to apply targeted pressure on oppressive and destabilizing regimes across the globe, while minimizing the adverse impact on the people of those nations.
- The Act improves Australia's capacity to respond quickly to issues of international concern such as in the case of Iran or North Korea.
- The Act also assists the administration of, and compliance with, sanctions measures by removing distinctions between the scope and extent of autonomous sanctions and UN sanction enforcement laws.
Information sessions - In May 2010 the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), together with the Department of Defence and Austrade, conducted information sessions on the Act in State and Territory capital cities Autonomous Sanctions Powerpoint.
More information on Development of Australia Sanctions
Today autonomous sanctions are punitive measures not involving the use of armed force that the Australian Government chooses to take (as opposed to measures it is obliged to take by virtue of UNSC resolution) as a foreign policy response to situations of international concern.
These measures seek to apply pressure on regimes to desist in the repression of human rights and democratic freedoms, or the pursuit of internationally or regionally destabilising policies (such as WMD proliferation), or to prevent regime leaders using Australia as a haven for misappropriated state or other funds.
In some instances, autonomous sanctions may be used to supplement UNSCR sanctions.
More information on Autonomous Australia Sanctions
DFAT Consolidated List
Australia implements resolution 1373 through Part 4 of the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 (“the Act”) and through regulation 20 of the Charter of the United Nations (Dealing with Assets) Regulations 2008 (“the 2008 Regulations”). The Minister for Foreign Affairs must list a person or entity on a case-by-case basis if he or she is satisfied on reasonable grounds that the person or entity is associated with terrorism as described in sub-paragraph 1(c) of resolution 1373. These names are listed in the Commonwealth Gazette and it becomes a criminal offence to deal with their assets or to make assets available to them. These names are also included on DFAT's Consolidated List.
Pages in category "Australia Embargoed Countries"
The following 20 pages are in this category, out of 20 total.