Afghanistan

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Contents

General

Al Queda/Taliban

Al Queda is a militant Islamist group founded sometime between August 1988 and late 1989. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad. Most of the world considers it a terrorist organization. Al-Qaeda has attacked civilian and military targets in various countries, most notably the September 11 attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. in 2001. The U.S. government responded by launching the War on Terror.


Haqqani

September 07, 2012 Haqqani Organization listed as FTO

Haqqani Network meets the statutory criteria of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) for designation as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO). This action meets the requirements of the Haqqani Network Terrorist Designation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-168). Based on that assessment, I notified Congress of my intent to designate the Haqqani Network as an FTO under the INA. I also intend to designate the organization as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity under Executive Order 13224.

US Department of State Press Release & OFAC Recent Actions


August 16, 2011 - Haqqani Network (HQN) - The Haqqani Network is Afghanistan’s most capable and sophisticated insurgent network. The Haqqanis enjoy sanctuary in the tribal areas in Pakistan along the border with Afghanistan. With the backing of elements within the Pakistan security establishment, the Haqqanis have used their sanctuary in the North Waziristan Agency of Pakistan to operate across the border in southeastern Afghanistan. - The Haqqani Network in Kurram - Critical Threats


Sangeen Zadran (SDN listed Augustus 16, 2011) is a commander of the Haqqani Network, a Taliban-affiliated group of militants that operates from North Waziristan Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. The Haqqani Network has been at the forefront of insurgent activity in Afghanistan, responsible for many high-profile attacks. Sangeen has also been connected to many improvised explosive device (IED) attacks. In addition to his role in attacks, Sangeen Zadran is believed to have orchestrated the kidnappings of Afghans and foreign nationals in the border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Sangeen also acts as a senior lieutenant to Haqqani Network leader Sirajuddin Haqqani, also a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under E.O. 13224 and listed at the United Nations 1988 Sanctions Committee.

UN

June 17, 2011 - UNSC Resolution 1988 (2011), which establishes the Afghanistan sanctions regime, is a tangible sign of support by the international community for Afghan reconciliation efforts. At the same time, the resolution contributes to ongoing efforts to combat the insurgency. The new regime will be an important tool to support the Government of Afghanistan’s efforts to reconcile with insurgents who are willing cut ties to international terrorist organizations, including al-Qaida, renounce violence, and respect Afghanistan’s constitution, including its protections for all Afghan women and men. UNSCR 1988 (2011)


March 22, 2011 - UN SCR Resolution 1974 (2011) - Welcoming the results of the Kabul International Conference on Afghanistan held on 20 July 2010 which constituted a milestone in the Kabul Process towards accelerated Afghan leadership and ownership, strengthened international partnership and regional cooperation, improved Afghan governance, enhanced capabilities of Afghan security forces, economic growth and better protection for the rights of all Afghan citizens, including women, and welcoming specifically the commitments made by the Afghan Government including the development of a framework, time-lines and benchmarks for the new National Priority Programmes, progress towards transition to an Afghan security lead, improvement of governance and tackling of corruption.



Require all States to take the following measures in connection with any individual or entity associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden and/or the Taliban as designated by the Committee:

EU

May 16, 2013 - Implementing Regulation (EU) No 451/2013 of 16 May 2013 implementing Article 11(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan


March 21, 2013 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No [ 261/2013] of 21 March 2013 implementing Article 11(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan


January 31, 2013 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 86/2013 of 31 January 2013 implementing Article 11(4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan


August 01, 2012 - Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 705/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan. 1 August 2012 implementing Article 11(4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.


July 16, 2012 - EU Implementing Regulation (EU) No 643/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.


June 26, 2012 - Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.


May 14, 2012 - Council conclusions on Afghanistan

The Council welcomes the progress made in Afghanistan's transition process. The upcoming international meetings in Chicago on 20 and 21 May, Kabul on 14 June and Tokyo on 8 July offer the opportunity to shape the further course of transition and international engagement after 2014. The Council affirms the importance of the international community taking a holistic view of post-2014 engagement, given the correlation between security and long-term development in Afghanistan. More detailed information EU Press Release


March 24, 2012 - Implementing Regulation (EU) No 263/2012 concerning restrictive measures

Implementing Article 11(1) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan

Adding 131 names to the sanction list, all individuals associated with the Taliban, no entities mentioned.


March 23, 2012 - COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2012/167/CFSP of 23 March 2012 - implementing Decision 2011/486/CFSP concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan


October 21, 2011 - EU Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1049/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Article 11(1) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan. - Adding of names.


October 14, 2011 - EU Declaration on the alignment of certain third countries with the Council Decision 2011/639/CFSP implementing Decision 2011/486/CFSP concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.

This declaration is made to announce that the following countries have declared that they share the objectives of the Council Decision 2011/639/CFSP: The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia. EU Press Release


October 03, 2011 - EU Council Regulation No 968/2011 of 29 September 2011 implementing Article 11(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.


August 04, 2011 - EU Council Regulation No 754/2011 of 1 August 2011 amending Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaida network and the Taliban. Delisting of 15 (Taliban) Individuals based on UN SC Regutalion EU 754/2011


August 04, 2011 - EU Council Regulation No 753/ 2011 of 1 August 2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan EU 753/2011


COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 2580/2001 27 December 2001 on specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities with a view to combating terrorism EU Sanctions. EU 2580/2001 Sanctions

The European Council declared that combating the funding of terrorism is a decisive aspect of the fight against terrorism and called upon the Council to take the necessary measures to combat any form of financing for terrorist activities. In its Resolution 1373(2001), the United Nations Security Council decided on 28 September 2001 that all States should implement a freezing of funds and other financial assets or economic resources as against persons who commit, or attempt to commit, terrorist acts or who participate in or facilitate the commission of such acts. In addition, the Security Council decided that measures should be taken to prohibit funds and other financial assets or economic resources from being made available for the benefit of such persons, and to prohibit financial or other related services from being rendered for the benefit of such persons.


COUNCIL REGULATION(EC) No 881/2002 27 May 2002 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaida network and the Taliban, and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 467/2001 prohibiting the export of certain goods and services to Afghanistan, strengthening the flight ban and extending the freeze of funds and other financial resources in respect of the Taliban of Afghanistan EU Sanctions. The Security Council decided, inter alia, that the flight ban and certain export restrictions imposed on Afghanistan further to its Resolutions 1267(1999) and 1333(2000) should be repealed and that the scope of the freezing of funds and the prohibition on funds being made available, which were imposed further to these Resolutions, should be adjusted. It also decided that a prohibition on providing the Taliban and the Al-Qaida organisation with certain services related to military activities should be applied. In accordance with paragraph 3 of Resolution 1390(2002), those measures will be reviewed by the Security Council 12 months after adoption of the resolution and at the end of this period the Security Council will either allow the measures to continue or decide to improve them. EU 881/2001 Sanctions


Consolidated EU Sanctions List

EU (Foreign) Terrorist Organizations

July 18, 2011 - The EU Council has concluded that the following groups and entities listed have been involved in terrorist acts within the meaning of Article 1(2) and (3) of Common Position 2001/931/CFSP, that a decision has been taken with respect to them by a competent authority within the meaning of Article 1(4) of that Common Position, and that they should continue to be subject to the specific restrictive measures provided for therein.

More information on the EU FTO page.

UK

May 17, 2013 - Implementing Regulation (EU) No 451/2013 of 16 May 2013 implementing Article 11(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan

UK-EU Sanctions


March 22, 2013 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No [ 261/2013] of 21 March 2013 implementing Article 11(1) and (4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan

UK-EU Sanctions


February 01, 2013 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 86/2013 of 31 January 2013 implementing Article 11(4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan

UK-EU 86/2013


August 02, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 705/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan. 1 August 2012 implementing Article 11(4) of Regulation (EU) No 753/2011 concerning restrictive measures directed against certain individuals, groups, undertakings and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan. UK-EU 705/2012


July 17, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 643/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan. UK-EU 643/2012


June 26, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.

UK-EU 543/2012


March 29, 2012 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 263/2012 - This notice is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.

UK-EU 263/2012


October 21, 2011 - UK Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1049/2011 - This notification is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.

UK-EU 1049-2011


October 03, 2011 - Afghanistan Council Implementing Regulation (EU) No 968/2011 - This notification is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities in view of the situation in Afghanistan.

UK-EU 968/2011


August 03, 2011 - Afghanistan / Al-Qaida - EU Council Regulations No 753/2011 and 754/2011 - By the adoption of UN Resolutions 1988 (2011) and 1989 (2011) on 17 June 2011, the United Nations Security Council, amongst other matters, separated the UN's Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions regime into two groups – an Al-Qaida regime and a country-specific Afghanistan regime - with separate lists, listing, delisting and monitoring mechanisms UK-EU 753 & 754 (2011).


August 01, 2011 - Al-Qaida - UK implementing EU Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2011 - This notification is issued in respect of the restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaida network and the Taliban. UK Regulation


In resolutions 1267 (1999), 1333 (2000) and 1390 (2002) the United Nations Security Council obliged all member states to freeze the assets, prevent the entry into or the transit through their territories, and prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer of arms and military equipment with regard to individuals and entities belonging or related to the Taliban, Usama Bin Laden and the Al-Qaida network.

The Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions Committee, established by UNSCR 1267 (1999), oversees the implementation by member states of the sanctions and maintains a list of individuals and entities belonging or related to the Taliban, Usama Bin Laden and the Al-Qa'ida network for this purpose.

The modified financial sanctions contained in UNSCR 1390 (2002) were implemented in the European Union by the adoption of Council Regulation (EC) No 881/2002.

UK Sanctions

Swiss

Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban

Die Verordnung vom 02.10.2000 über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung Al-Qaïda oder den Taliban setzt die vom Sicherheitsrat der Vereinten Nationen in den Resolutionen 1267 (1999), 1333 (2000), 1390 (2002), 1455 (2003), 1526 (2004), 1617 (2005) und 1735 (2006) beschlossenen Massnahmen um:

Betroffen von diesen Massnahmen sind die im Anhang 2 der Verordnung erwähnten natürlichen und juristischen Personen, Gruppen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban. Die Namensliste in Anhang 2 stützt sich auf die Entscheide des für die Al-Qaïda/Taliban Sanktionen zuständigen Sanktionskomitees des UNO-Sicherheitsrates. Sie wird laufend nachgeführt und ist untenstehend direkt zugänglich.

Personen und Institutionen, die Gelder halten oder verwalten oder Kenntnisse über wirtschaftliche Ressourcen haben, von denen anzunehmen ist, dass sie von den Massnahmen betroffen sind, müssen diese dem Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO unverzüglich melden. Swiss Sanctions


22.06.2011 - Anhang 2 der Verordnung vom 2. Oktober 20002 über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban wird wie folgt geändert: Swiss Sanctions


21.12.2010 -Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban, Änderung

Swiss Sanctions


17.11.2010 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban, Änderung

Swiss Sanctions


10.09.2010 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban, Änderung

Swiss Sanctions


24.08.2010 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban, Änderung

Swiss Sanctions


06.08.010 - Verordnung über Massnahmen gegenüber Personen und Organisationen mit Verbindungen zu Usama bin Laden, der Gruppierung «Al-Qaïda» oder den Taliban, Änderung

Swiss Sanctions

Australia

On 15 October 1999 the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 1267 (1999) imposing sanctions against the Taliban in response to the continuing violations of international humanitarian law and of human rights, particularly discrimination against women and girls, and the continuing use of Afghan territory, especially areas controlled by the Taliban, for the sheltering and training of terrorists and planning of terrorist acts. On 19 December 2000, the UNSC adopted resolution 1333 (2000) which extended the sanctions to apply to Al-Qaida and Bin Laden. The sanctions imposed against Al-Qaida, Taliban and Bin Laden have been modified and extended by resolutions 1390(2002), 1455(2003), 1526(2004), 1617(2005), 1735(2006), 1822(2008) and 1904 (2009).

More information Australia Sanctions

US

OFAC

August 06, 2013 - Terrorist Designation of Bahawal Khan

The Department of State has designated the Commander Nazir Group leader, Bahawal Khan as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT) under Executive Order (E.O.) 13224, which targets terrorists and those providing support to terrorists or acts of terrorism. As a result of the designation, all property subject to U.S. jurisdiction in which Khan has any interest is blocked and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in any transactions with Khan.

In January of 2013, Bahawal Khan was appointed as the new leader of the Commander Nazir Group (CNG). Since 2006, CNG has run training camps, dispatched suicide bombers, provided safe haven for al-Qaida fighters, and conducted cross-border operations in Afghanistan against the United States and its allies. In addition to its attacks against international forces in Afghanistan, CNG is also responsible for assassinations and intimidation operations against civilians in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Khan has previously served as a sub-commander for CNG in South Waziristan and has fought with the Taliban since the late 1990s. Khan and CNG have vowed to continue the group’s activities, including supporting al-Qaida and conducting attacks in Afghanistan.

Although CNG has been behind numerous attacks against international forces in Afghanistan, the group has also been known to attack targets in Pakistan. For example, CNG claimed responsibility for a March 2008 vehicle-borne improvised explosive device attack in front of an army brigade headquarters in Zari Noor, South Waziristan, Pakistan, which killed five Pakistani soldiers and injured 11 more. In May 2011, CNG broke a ceasefire agreement and attacked a Pakistani army camp in Wana, Pakistan, with missiles and rockets.

Previously, on February 26, 2013, the Department of State designated CNG and sub-commander Malang Wazir as SDGTs under E.O. 13224.

US Department of State Press Release


February 26, 2013 - Terrorist Designations of the Commander Nazir Group and Malang Wazir

The Department of State has designated the Commander Nazir Group (CNG) and its sub-commander Malang Wazir as Specially Designated Global Terrorists under Executive Order (E.O.) 13224, which targets terrorists and those providing support to terrorists or acts of terrorism. As a result of the designation, all property subject to U.S. jurisdiction in which CNG and Malang have any interest is blocked and U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in any transactions with CNG, Malang, or to their benefit.

Since 2006, CNG has run training camps, dispatched suicide bombers, provided safe haven for al-Qa’ida fighters, and conducted cross-border operations in Afghanistan against the United States and its allies. In addition to its attacks against international forces in Afghanistan, CNG is also responsible for assassinations and intimidation operations against civilians in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

CNG leader Commander Nazir died in early-January 2013, but the group has since chosen a new leader, and in a statement vowed to continue the group’s activities, including supporting al-Qa’ida and conducting attacks in Afghanistan. In the same statement, Malang was named as a part of CNG’s top leadership. Acting as a sub-commander for CNG, Malang has overseen training centers and has been known to send fighters to Afghanistan to support the Taliban.

Although CNG and Malang have been behind numerous attacks against international forces in Afghanistan, the group has also been known to attack targets in Pakistan. For example, Malang claimed CNG responsibility for a March 2008 vehicle-borne improvised explosive device attack in front of an army brigade headquarters in Zari Noor, South Waziristan, Pakistan, which killed five Pakistani soldiers and injured 11 more. In May 2011, CNG broke a ceasefire agreement and attacked a Pakistani army camp in Wana, Pakistan, with missiles and rockets.

US Department of State Press Release


June 20, 2012 - Designation of Afghan Narcotics Trafficking Network

The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) today designated Shah Mohammad Barakzai and Haji Baz Mohammad for their significant roles in international narcotics trafficking, as Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers pursuant to the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (Kingpin Act). Treasury also designated under the Kingpin Act two other individuals and two entities located in Afghanistan for their support to Shah Mohammad Barakzai and his organization. Barakzai was arrested and sentenced for operating as a narcotics trafficker in Afghanistan in 2011 by Afghan counter narcotics authorities. Today’s action targets Barakzai’s network and its illicit financial activity. The Kingpin Act prohibits U.S. persons from conducting financial or commercial transactions with these individuals and entities, and it freezes any assets the designees may have under U.S. jurisdiction.

“Today’s designation builds on Afghan efforts to disrupt heroin trafficking from Afghanistan,” said OFAC Director Adam Szubin. “We will continue to work to expose the support mechanisms for this illicit activity, by targeting the individuals involved and their affiliated businesses and financial networks, including exchange houses.”

Kingpin Act Designations & US Treasury Press Release


June 21, 2011 - The following individuals have been added to OFAC's SDN list:

OFAC - Taliban Notice

US Foreign Terrorist Organizations

September 28, 2012 - Delisting of the Mujahedin-e Khalq - The Secretary of State has decided, consistent with the law, to revoke the designation of the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) and its aliases as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under the Immigration and Nationality Act and to delist the MEK as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under Executive Order 13224. These actions are effective today. Property and interests in property in the United States or within the possession or control of U.S. persons will no longer be blocked, and U.S. entities may engage in transactions with the MEK without obtaining a license. These actions will be published in the Federal Register.

With today’s actions, the Department does not overlook or forget the MEK’s past acts of terrorism, including its involvement in the killing of U.S. citizens in Iran in the 1970s and an attack on U.S. soil in 1992. The Department also has serious concerns about the MEK as an organization, particularly with regard to allegations of abuse committed against its own members.

The Secretary’s decision today took into account the MEK’s public renunciation of violence, the absence of confirmed acts of terrorism by the MEK for more than a decade, and their cooperation in the peaceful closure of Camp Ashraf, their historic paramilitary base.

The United States has consistently maintained a humanitarian interest in seeking the safe, secure, and humane resolution of the situation at Camp Ashraf, as well as in supporting the United Nations-led efforts to relocate eligible former Ashraf residents outside of Iraq.

US Department of State Press Release & OFAC Resource Center


September 21, 2012 - U.S. to remove Iran group (Mujahedin-e Khalq) from terror list, officials say WaPo News Item


Augustus 30, 2012 - Anti-Terrorism Designations (SDGT) - US designates eight Lashkar-e-Taiba leaders as terrorists, places sanctions

LET was designated by the Department of State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and under E.O. 13224 as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist entity in December 2001. LET was added to the UN 1267/1989 Committee's Consolidated List – its list of sanctioned terrorists – in May 2005.

Despite being banned by the Government of Pakistan in January 2002, LET continues to operate in Pakistan and throughout the region and engage in or support terrorist activities worldwide. LET has conducted numerous terrorist acts against Pakistani, Indian, Afghan, and U.S. interests and is responsible for the November 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed more than 160 people, including six Americans, and the July 2006 Mumbai train bombings that killed more than 180 people.

All of the individuals designated today pursuant to E.O. 13224 were designated for acting on behalf of or providing support either to LET itself or to previously designated members of LET. Today’s action prohibits U.S. persons from engaging in any transactions with these individuals and freezes any assets the designees have under U.S. jurisdiction.

The following individuals have been added to OFAC's SDN List:

OFAC Recent Actions


May 24, 2012 - Terrorist Designations of the Abdallah Azzam Brigades

The Department of State designated the Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224. The Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB), a militant organization based in both Lebanon and the Arabian Peninsula, was formed in 2009. AAB is led by Saleh al-Qar’awi, who was designated by the Department of State under E.O. 13224. The Department of State also designated AAB’s bomb maker, Abu Jabal, under E.O. 13224 on November 22, 2011.

AAB carried out a July 2010 attack on the Japanese-owned oil tanker M/V M.Star in the Strait of Hormuz. According to a statement released online, AAB claimed that the attack was carried out by its Arabian Peninsula Branch, which calls itself the Yusuf al-’Uyayri Battalions of the Abdullah Azzam Brigades. AAB has repeatedly articulated its intent to carry out attacks against Western interests in the Middle East. In 2010, for instance, the group expressed an interest in kidnapping U.S. and British tourists in the Arabian Peninsula.

In addition, AAB is responsible for numerous indiscriminate rocket attacks on Israeli civilians. These attacks, which have been launched from within Lebanon by the Ziyad al-Jarrah Battalions of the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, have targeted population centers in northern Israel.

The consequences of these designations include a prohibition against knowingly providing material support or resources to, or engaging in transactions with, the Abdallah Azzam Brigades, and the freezing of all property and interest in property of the organization that are in the United States, or come within the United States, or the control of U.S. persons. The Department of State took these actions in consultation with the Departments of Justice and Treasury.

US Department of State Press Release


June 18, 2011 - Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTO) are foreign organizations that are designated by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended. FTO designations play a critical role in our fight against terrorism and are an effective means of curtailing support for terrorist activities and pressuring groups to get out of the terrorism business.

More information on the US FTO page.

Major drug-producing or drug-transit country

September 15, 2011 - Under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act (FAA), the President is required each year to notify Congress of those countries he determines to be major illicit drug-producing countries or major drug-transit countries that significantly affect the United States. A country’s presence on the list does not necessarily reflect its counternarcotics efforts or its level of cooperation on illegal drug control with the United States. The designation can reflect a combination of geographic, commercial, and economic factors that allow drugs to be produced and/or trafficked through a country.

When a country on the list does not fulfill its obligations under international counter-narcotics agreements and conventions, the President determines that the country has failed demonstrably to meet its counterdrug obligations, only Bolivia, Burma, and Venezuela, failed demonstrably. Such a designation can lead to sanctions. However, the President may also execute a waiver when he determines there is a vital national interest in continuing U.S. assistance. Even without such a waiver, humanitarian assistance and counternarcotics assistance may continue.

TCO

July 25, 2011 - President Obama has signed an Executive Order imposing sanctions against significant transnational criminal organizations (TCO's). The Order provides the United States with new tools to break the economic power of transnational organized crime and protect financial markets. It will assist the Administration’s efforts to disrupt, dismantle and defeat the TCO's that pose a significant threat to U.S. national security, foreign policy or the economy.

As a result of this Order, any property in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons in which the significant TCO's listed in the Annex have an interest is blocked, and U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in transactions with them.

The Order also authorizes the U.S. Department of the Treasury, in consultation with the Departments of Justice and State, to identify for sanctions any individual or entity determined to have materially assisted, sponsored or provided financial, material or technological support for any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this Order.

The US encourage partners and allies to echo the commitment and join in building a new framework for international cooperation to protect all our citizens from the violence, harm and exploitation wrought by transnational organized crime.

In signing today’s Order, the President imposed sanctions on the following organizations listed:

More information on the Transnational Criminal Organizations page.


June 05, 2013 - Transnational Criminal Organizations Designations - Mara Salvatrucha Leaders aka MS13

The Mara Salvatrucha gang originated in Los Angeles and has spread to Central America, other parts of the United States, and Canada. It is commonly abbreviated as MS, Mara, and MS-13. There is some dispute about the etymology of the name. The most common belief is that the word "Mara" refers to the Spanish word for "gang", and "Salvatrucha" (which is Spanish slang) for "Salvadoran army ant". Alternatively, it is suggested that "Salvatrucha" refers to the Salvadoran peasant guerrillas, the source of much of the gang's early manpower. The number 13 is homage to the Los Angeles gang "Los Emes" or "The Ms"(M being the thirteenth letter of the alphabet). The gang was set up in Los Angeles in 1980's by Salvadoran immigrants in the city's Pico-Union neighborhood. Source: Urban Dictionary

Please visit this chart for more information on these designations.

The following individuals have been added to OFAC's SDN List: <sort> BERCIAN MANCHON, Moris Alexander (a.k.a. "EL BARNEY"); DOB 30 Oct 1984; POB San Salvador, El Salvador; nationality El Salvador (individual) [TCO]. CISNEROS RODRIGUEZ, Jose Misael (a.k.a. CISNEROS, Jose Misal; a.k.a. "HALF MILLION"; a.k.a. "MEDIO MLON"); DOB 02 Oct 1976; POB Agua Caliente, Chalatenango, El Salvador; nationality El Salvador (individual) [TCO]. HENRIQUEZ SOLORZANO, Borromeo Enrique (a.k.a. RIVERA ARIAS, Racson Mario; a.k.a. "EL DIABLITO"; a.k.a. "EL DIABLITO DE HOLLYWOOD"; a.k.a. "EL DIABLO"; a.k.a. "EL DIABLO PEQUENO"); DOB 27 Jul 1978; POB San Salvador, El Salvador; nationality El Salvador (individual) [TCO]. MONTERROSA-LARIOS, Marvin Geovanny (a.k.a. MONTERROSA-LARIOS, Marvin Jeovanny; a.k.a. "ENANO"); DOB 21 May 1974; POB San Miguel, San Miguel, El Salvador; nationality El Salvador (individual) [TCO]. RIVERA-LUNA, Moises Humberto (a.k.a. "SANTOS"; a.k.a. "VIEJO SANTOS"); DOB 23 May 1969; POB San Salvador, El Salvador; nationality El Salvador (individual) [TCO]. TURCIOS ANGEL, Saul Antonio (a.k.a. "EL TRECE"; a.k.a. "SHAYBOYS"); DOB 17 May 1978; POB Zaragoza, La Libertad, El Salvador; nationality El Salvador (individual) [TCO]. </sort> OFAC Recent Actions

ITAR

ITAR Based sanctions, see chapter on ITAR for more detailed information



FATF Warning List

February 22, 2013 - As part of its on-going review of compliance with the AML/CFT standards, the FATF has to date identified the following jurisdiction (Afghanistan) which has strategic AML/CFT deficiencies for which it has developed an action plan with the FATF. Afghanistan has provided a written high-level political commitment to address the identified deficiencies. The FATF welcomes these commitments.

Note: Strategic Deficiencies Require Enhanced Due Diligence

The FATF calls on Afghanistan to complete the implementation of action plans expeditiously and within the proposed timeframes. The FATF will closely monitor the implementation of these action plans and encourages its members to consider the information presented in the link.


June 22, 2012 - As part of its on-going review of compliance with the AML/CFT standards, the FATF has to date identified the following jurisdiction (Afghanistan) which has strategic AML/CFT deficiencies for which it has developed an action plan with the FATF. Afghanistan has provided a written high-level political commitment to address the identified deficiencies. The FATF welcomes these commitments.

Note: Strategic Deficiencies Require Enhanced Due Diligence

The FATF calls on Afghanistan to complete the implementation of action plans expeditiously and within the proposed timeframes. The FATF will closely monitor the implementation of these action plans and encourages its members to consider the information presented in the link.


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