Diamonds & Other High Value Commodities

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UN

UN General Assembly 29th January 2001 A/55/56 agenda item 175. The role of diamonds in fuelling conflict: breaking the link between the illicit transaction of rough diamonds and armed conflict as a contribution to prevention and settlement of conflicts


The sanctions adopted by the United Nations Security Council against the rebel movements in Sierra Leone and Angola and against the Liberian government, prohibiting under certain conditions imports of rough diamonds from Liberia, Angola and Sierra Leone have not been able to stop the flow of conflict diamonds into the legitimate trade or to bring the conflicts to a halt.

EU

October 12, 2012 - EU amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2368/2002 implementing the Kimberley Process certification scheme for the international trade in rough diamonds EU 947/2012


October 31, 2011 - Commission Implementing Regulation EU) No 1116/2011 of 31 October 2011 - amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2368/2002 implementing the Kimberley Process certification scheme for the international trade in rough diamonds.

At the Jerusalem Plenary meeting in November 2010, Kimberley Process Participants provisionally approved, by a decision of the Plenary, the addition of Swaziland to the list of KP Participants, such approval to be confirmed by a KP Chair notice once certain outstanding issues had been resolved. The KP Chair confirmed by a notice on 30 May 2011 that Swaziland is now admitted as a KP Participant.


COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 2368/2002 of 20 December 2002 implementing the Kimberley Process certification scheme for the international trade in rough diamonds

The Göteborg European Council of June 2001 endorsed a program for the prevention of violent conflicts, which states, inter alia, that the Member States and the Commission will tackle the illicit trade in high-value commodities, including by identifying ways of breaking the link between rough diamonds and violent conflicts and supporting the Kimberley Process.

Council Regulation (EC) No 303/2002 of 18 February 2002 concerning the importation into the Community of rough diamonds from Sierra Leone prohibits, under certain conditions, the importation of rough diamonds into the Community.

There is a need to complement the existing measures with effective controls over the international trade in rough diamonds in order to prevent the trade in conflict diamonds from financing the efforts of rebel movements and their allies to undermine legitimate governments. Effective control will help maintain international peace and security and will also protect the revenue from exports of rough diamonds, which is essential for the development of producer countries in Africa.

EU Sanctions

Kimberley Process

UN & EU Conflict Diamonds

Swiss

Rohdiamantenhandel - Ab dem 01.01.2003 ist der Import, der Export sowie die Ein- und Auslagerung aus Zolllagern von Rohdiamanten nur noch möglich, wenn diese von einem fälschungssicheren Zertifikat begleitet sind. Der Handel mit Rohdiamanten ist nur noch mit Ländern möglich, welche sich ebenfalls am Zertifizierungssystem beteiligen. Schweizerische Zertifikate können beim Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO bezogen werden.

Das Zertifizierungssystem wurde im Rahmen eines informellen Verhandlungsprozesses, bekannt unter der Bezeichnung «Kimberley Prozess», ausgearbeitet und anlässlich der Ministerkonferenz vom 05.11.2002 in Interlaken von 36 Staaten und der Europäischen Gemeinschaft verabschiedet. Initiiert wurde dieser Prozess im Mai 2000 durch Südafrika. Mit dem Zertifizierungssystem soll verhindert werden, dass sog. «Konfliktdiamanten» auf die legalen Märkte gelangen. «Konfliktdiamanten» sind Rohdiamanten aus Regionen, insbesondere in Afrika, die von Rebellenbewegungen kontrolliert werden. Mit dem Erlös aus dem Verkauf dieser Diamanten wurden Waffenkäufe und damit die Fortsetzung von Bürgerkriegen finanziert. Schätzungen zufolge stammen weniger als 1 Prozent aller abgebauten Diamanten aus Konfliktregionen.

Swiss Sanctions

Der Kimberley-Prozess

Informationsnotiz zu Handen der Diamantenhändler in der Schweiz

US

May 30, 2012 - U.S. to Host Kimberley Process Intersessional Meeting - The attendees will discuss a range of topics related to the mining and trading of conflict-free rough diamonds.

On June 4-7, Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs Jose W. Fernandez and Ambassador Gillian Milovanovic, Chair of the Kimberley Process, will host the annual Kimberley Process Intersessional at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C.

The United States holds the Kimberley Process Chairmanship in 2012.

Assistant Secretary Fernandez; Ambassador Milovanovic; Honorable Minister Susan Shabangu of South Africa; Eli Izakoff, president of the World Diamond Council; and a representative of the Civil Society Coalition will deliver the opening remarks on Monday, June 4 at 10:00 a.m. A press conference at the conclusion of the meeting will take place on Thursday, June 7 at 12:45 p.m. Both events are open to credentialed members of the media.

US Department of State Press Release

OFAC

The Clean Diamond Trade Act (Public Law 108–19 - April 25, 2003)

OFAC Sanction

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