Category:EU Embargoed Countries

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Contents

EU Members

Member states of the EU:

Member Member Member Member
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus
Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland
France Germany Greece Hungary
Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania
Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland
Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia
Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

Within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), the European Union applies restrictive measures in pursuit of the specific CFSP objectives set out in the Treaty on European Union (see particularly Article 11).

Sanctions or restrictive measures (the two terms are used interchangeably) have been frequently imposed by the EU in recent years, either on an autonomous EU basis or implementing binding Resolutions of the Security Council of the United Nations. Sanctions are an instrument of a diplomatic or economic nature which seek to bring about a change in activities or policies such as violations of international law or human rights, or policies that do not respect the rule of law or democratic principles.

Restrictive measures imposed by the EU may target governments of third countries, or non-state entities and individuals (such as terrorist groups and terrorists). They may comprise arms embargoes, other specific or general trade restrictions (import and export bans), financial restrictions, restrictions on admission (visa or travel bans), or other measures, as appropriate.

The website of the EU provides an overview of restrictive measures adopted in the framework of the CFSP that are currently in force.

It also offers a consolidated list containing the names and identification details of all persons, groups and entities targeted by financial restrictions.

The text below also sets out the objectives and principles guiding the EU policy on restrictive measures, and explains the procedures applied for the adoption of restrictive measures in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. EU Sanction Overview

The EU list of persons, groups and entities subject to specific measures to combat terrorism based on criteria as described in EU Factsheet 2001/931/CFSP

Third Country Alignment

Third Countries (non EU Members) declare that they share the objectives of EU Council Decisions.

Quick overview of Third Country Alignment in policies and execution of EU Sanctions - 2011 details

Sanctioned Country EU Regulation Date Alignment Press Release Date Third Countries Aligning
Syria 2013/186/CFSP 20130422 EU Press Release [20130513 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Georgia, align themselves with this decision.
Burma 2013/184/CFSP 20130422 EU Press Release [20130513 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia, align themselves with this decision.
Iran 2012/635/CFSP 20121015 EU Press Release 20121101 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, align themselves with this declaration.
Belarus 2012/642/CFSP 20121015 EU Pres Release 20121101 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, align themselves with this declaration.
Syria Regulation 944/2012 & 2012/634/CFSP 20121015 EU Press Release 20121101 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Georgia, align themselves with this declaration.
Syria 2012/420/CFSP 20120723 EU Press Release 20120808 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Georgia, align themselves with this declaration. They will ensure that their national policies conform to this Council Decision. The European Union takes note of this commitment and welcomes it.
Syria 2012/335/CFSP 20120625 EU Press Release 20120717 The Candidate Countries Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova align themselves with the decision.
Moldova 2012/170/CFSP 20120323 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Georgia, align themselves with this decision.
Belarus 2012/171/CFSP 20120323 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilization and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, align themselves with these decisions.
Burma / Myanmar 2012/225/CFSP 20120426 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilization and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia, align themselves with this decision.
Syria 2012/122/CFSP 20120227 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Georgia, align themselves with these decisions.
Iran 2012/168/CFSP 20120328 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilization and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, align themselves with this decision.
Iran 2012/152/CFSP 20120315 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, align themselves with these decisions.
Afghanistan 2012/167/CFSP 20120323 EU Press Release 20120608 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilization and Association Process and potential candidate Albania and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia, align themselves with this decision.
Zimbabwe 2012/97/CFSP 20120217 EU Press Release 20120404 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia, align themselves with this Decision.
Republic of Guinea 2012/149/CFSP 20120313 EU Press Release 20120404 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia, align themselves with this Decision.
Ivory Coast 2012/74/CFSP 20120210 EU Press Release 20120404 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia, align themselves with this Decision
Zimbabwe 2012/124/CFSP 20120227 Press Release 20120328 The Acceding Country Croatia, the Candidate Countries Turkey, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Iceland and Serbia, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia, align themselves with this decision.
Afghanistan 2011/698/CFSP 20111020 Press Release 20111121 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia and Georgia
Combat Terrorism 2011/701/CFSP 20111021 Press Release 20111121 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova.
Libya 2011/729/CFSP 20111110 Press Release 20111121 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia and Georgia
Guinea 2011/706/CFSP 20111027 Press Release 20111121 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia and Georgia
Iran 2011/670/CFSP 20111012 Press Release 20111104 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova
Belarus 2011/666/CFSP 20111011 Press Release 20111104 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area
Somalia 2011/635/CFSP 20110926 Press Release 20111014 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, and Armenia.
Moldova 2011/641/CFSP 20110929 Press Release 20111014 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Libya

2011/500/CFSP 2011/521/CFSP 2011/543/CFSP 2011/625/CFSP

20110810 20110901 20110915 20110922

Press Release 20111014 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia
Côte d’Ivoire 2011/627/CFSP 20110924 Press Release 20111014 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Myanmar 2011/504/CFSP 20110816 Press Release 20111014 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia
Afghanistan 2011/639/CFSP 20110929 Press Release 20111014 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Afghanistan 2011/486/CFSP 20110801 Press Release 20110811 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Terrorism and terrorist financing 2011/430/CFSP 20110718 Press Release 20110811 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Sudan & South Sudan 2011/423/CFSP 20110718 Press Release 20110811 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Armenia.
Terrorism and terrorist financing 2011/487/CFSP 20110801 Press Release 20110811 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Syria 2011/488/CFSP 20110801 Press Release 20110811 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area.
Côte d’Ivoire 2011/412/CFSP 20110712 Press Release 20110726 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia align themselves with this declaration.
Syria 2011/367/CFSP 20110623 Press Release 20110713 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, align themselves with this declaration.
Libya 2011/332/CFSP 20110607 Press Release 20110713 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Armenia and Georgia align themselves with this declaration.
Côte d’Ivoire 2011/376/CFSP 20110627 Press Release 20110713 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, Armenia and Georgia align themselves with this declaration.
Belarus 2011/357/CFSP 20110620 Press Release 20110713 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, align themselves with this declaration.
Libya 2011/300/CFSP 20110523 Press Release 20110609 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Belarus 2011/301/CFSP 20110523 Press Release 20110609 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area.
Côte d’Ivoire 2011/261/CFSP 20110429 Press Release 20110609 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Syria 2011/273/CFSP 20110509 Press Release 20110609 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova.
Iran 2011/299/CFSP 20110523 Press Release 20110609 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova.
Libya 2011/236/CFSP 20110412 Press Release 20110428 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, and Georgia.
Iran 2011/235/CFSP 20110412 Press Release 20110428 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova.
Côte d’Ivoire 2011/221/CFSP 20110406 Press Release 20110428 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, and Georgia.
Myanmar 2011/239/CFSP 20110412 Press Release 20110428 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia.
Moldova 2010/573/CFSP 20100927 Press Release 20110404 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Libya 2011/175/CFSP 20110321 Press Release 20110405 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Georgia.
Egypt 2011/172/CFSP 20110321 Press Release 20110331 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Georgia.
Belarus 2011/174/CFSP 20110321 Press Release 20110331 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area.
Guinea 2011/169/CFSP 20110321 Press Release 20110331 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova Armenia and Georgia.
Bosnia & Herzegovina 2011/173/CFSP 20110321 Press Release 20110331 The Candidate Countries Turkey and Montenegro, the Country of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidate Albania, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Armenia and Georgia.
Libya 2011/137/CFSP 20110228 Press Release 20110318 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as, the Republic of Moldova and Georgia.
Iraq 2011/100/CFSP 20110214 Press Release 20110302 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia.
Zimbabwe 2011/101/CFSP 20110215 Press Release 20110302 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia.
Côte d’Ivoire 2011/71/CFSP 20110131 Press Release 20110302 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia.
Tunisia 2011/72/CFSP 20110331 Press Release 20110302 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as the Republic of Moldova and Armenia.
Terrorism and terrorist financing 2011/70/CFSP 20110131 Press Release 20110302 The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, and the EFTA country Liechtenstein, member of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Belarus 2011/69/CFSP 20110131 Press Release 20110303 The Candidate Countries Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Iceland, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area.

Older Alignment Statements (before 2011)

Recognized Candidate Countries

There are currently five EU recognized candidate countries:

The countries are part of the Stabilization and Association Process.

Prospect Countries

The following countries have been offered by the European Council the prospect of EU accession in the medium to long term:

EFTA Countries

The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is an intergovernmental organisation set up for the promotion of free trade and economic integration to the benefit of its four Member States:

The Association manages the EFTA Convention; EFTA’s worldwide network of free trade and partnership agreements, and the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement.

EEA Countries (27 EU & 3 EFTA)

The Agreement on the European Economic Area, which entered into force on 1 January 1994, brings together the 27 EU Member States and the three EEA EFTA States* — Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway — in a single market, referred to as the "Internal Market". The EEA Agreement also states that when a country becomes a member of the European Union, it shall also apply to become party to the EEA Agreement (Article 128), thus leading to an enlargement of the EEA.

The EEA Agreement provides for the inclusion of EU legislation covering the four freedoms — the free movement of goods, services, persons and capital — throughout the 30 EEA States. In addition, the Agreement covers cooperation in other important areas such as research and development, education, social policy, the environment, consumer protection, tourism and culture, collectively known as “flanking and horizontal” policies. The Agreement guarantees equal rights and obligations within the Internal Market for citizens and economic operators in the EEA.

Non-EFTA microstates

The five European microstates bordered by the European Union are:

Within western Europe, there are five microstates: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, the Vatican City, and Liechtenstein. The last of these is a member of EFTA (see section EFTA states for its details). Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City have all signed agreements allowing them not only to use the euro, but to mint their own coins. They all also are de facto part of the Schengen agreement or have a largely open border with the EU and have close relations with their neighbouring state, for example Monaco is a full part of the EU's customs territory via France, and applies most EU measures relating to VAT and excise duties.

Close cooperation and inclusion in systems like the Eurozone are offered to them. This does not come without conditions. The EU requires cooperation in e.g. tax control in return. Monaco has already implemented the EU Directive on the taxation of savings interest.

Eastern Partnership States

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the former Soviet republics of Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus have been looked upon as potential candidates for EU enlargement.

The EU's relations with Belarus are strained as the EU has condemned the government of Belarus several times for authoritarian and anti-democratic practices, and even imposed sanctions on the country. Belarus has instead sought a close confederation with Russia.

The South Caucasus states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia have been the site of much instability since the 1990's. Their EU membership would be conditional on the political assessment by the European Council about whether or not they are considered European.

Moldova currently aspires to join the European Union and is implementing the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) of the EU.

Ukraine & Georgia - Ukrainian government asked Brussels to give Ukraine a clearer prospect for membership - Georgia wants to cooperate with Ukraine in their attempt to join the European Union

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